Whittier College: Major Political Science; Minor Economics. B.A., June 1957 (Honors Political Science).
University of California, Berkeley: Political Science. M.A., January 1964.
University of California, Berkeley: History. Ph.D., September 1971.
Teaching and Related Experience
Professor of History, Santa Clara University: 1991 - present.
Associate Professor of History, Santa Clara University: 1978 - 1991.
Assistant Professor of History, Santa Clara University: 1970 - 1978.
Visiting Scholar, Institute of African Studies, Fourah Bay College: Summer 1968-1969, 1972-1973; Winter 1976.
Senior Associate Member, St. Antony's College, Oxford: Summers 1975-1978.
Visiting Professor, Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana: Oct.-Jan. 1980-1981; Jan.-Jun. 1982; and Sept.-Oct. 1989.
Visiting Scholar, Oral History and Antiquities Division, The Gambia: Fall 1981; Summer 1982; Summer 1983; Summer 1978; and Summer/Fall 1988.
Visiting Fellow, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh: June 2007-August 2008; June/July 2009.
"The Arabic Letter Books as a Source for Sierra Leone History," Africana Research Bulletin,
"Thomas George Lawson: Government Interpreter and Historical Resource," Africana Research Bulletin, 1974.
"Islam and Education in the Colony and Hinterland of Sierra Leone, 1750-1914," Canadian Journalof African Studies, 1976.
"Misunderstandings Arising from the use of the term Creole in the Literature of Sierra Leone," Africa, 1977. (with B. Harrell-Bond)
"West Africa's Hidden Literacy," West Africa, 1977. (with B. Harrell-Bond)
"The Persistence of the Distinction between 'native' and 'non-native' in Sierra Leone Law," Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 1977. (with B. Harrell-Bond)
"Mande Settlement and the Development of Islamic Institutions in Sierra Leone," InternationalJournal of African Historical Studies, 1978.
Community Leadership and the Transformation of Freetown (1801-1976). The Hague, 1978. (with B. Harrell-Bond and A. Howard)
Thomas George Lawson: African Historian and Administrator in Sierra Leone, Stanford, 1980.
"A Profile of Urban Leaders in Freetown, Sierra Leone (1905-1945)," Tarikh, vol.7, no.1, 1981. (with B. Harrell-Bond and A. Howard)
"Islamic Education in West Africa," Ghanaian Times, July 27, 1982.
"Islamic Education and Missionary Work in the Gambia, Ghana, and Sierra Leone During the 20th Century," Bulletin on Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations in Africa, vol. 1, no. 4, 1983.
"Network Building and Political Power in Northwestern Sierra Leone, 1800-1865," Africa, 1984. (with A. Howard)
"Thomas George Lawson: Colonial Civil Servant in Sierra Leone, 1846-1889," in Kwame Arhin (ed.), West African Colonial Civil Servants in the Nineteenth Century: African Participation inBritish Colonial Expansion in West Africa, University of Leiden, 1985.
A History of the Baayo Family from Timbuktu and Its Settlement in Bijini, Guine-Bissau, Oral History Division, Banjul, 1987. (Annotator and co-editor)
"Ethnic Leadership and Class Formation in Freetown, Sierra Leone," in Nelson W. Keith and Novella Zett Keith (eds.), New Perspectives on Social Class and Socio-Economic Development inthe Periphery, Westport, 1988. (with A. Howard)
"Sierra Leone Relations with the Northern Rivers and the Influence of Islam in the Colony," International Journal of Sierra Leone Studies, 1989.
"Islam, Education and Politics in West Africa," in Adam Jones, Peter K. Mitchell and Margaret Peil (Eds.), Sierra Leone Studies. Centre of West African Studies, University of Birmingham, 1990.
"Islamic education in West Africa: Social mold," West Africa, no. 3815, 8-14 October 1990.
Islam and Trade in Sierra Leone, Africa World Press, 1997. (edited with Alusine Jalloh).
"Islam in the Northern Hinterland and its Influence on the Development of the Sierra Leone Colony," in Jalloh and Skinner (eds.), Islam and Trade in Sierra Leone. 1997.
"Islamic Organization and Influence in Sierra Leone," in Jalloh and Skinner (eds.), Islam and Tradein Sierra Leone. 1997.
"The Consequences of War: Iraq, a Case Study,@ explore, Nov. 2003. Bannan Center for Jesuit Education, Santa Clara University.
"Lawson, Thomas George (1814-1891)," in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
"Dumbuya, Alimami Dala Muhammadu (c. 1760-1841)," in The Oxford Dictionary of NationalBiography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
"Sesay, al-Hajj Shaikh Jibril (1903-1988)," in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
"Tarawali, Fode Ibrahim (c. 1785-1880)," in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
"Ture, Fode Ibrahim, known as Kombo Sillah (c. 1825-1894)," in The Oxford Dictionary of NationalBiography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
"Trade, Identity and the Linkages between Freetown and the Mande Heartland," (with Allen M. Howard) in Stephen Belcher, Jan Jansen and Mohamed N'Daou (Editors), Mande Mansa: Essays in Honor of David C. Conrad. Zurich and Berlin, 2008.
"The Incorporation of Muslim Elites in the British Administration Systems in Sierra Leone, The Gambia and the Gold Coast," The Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 29, 2009.
"Daᶜwah and Politics in West Africa: Muslim jamaᶜāt and nongovernmental organizations in Ghana, Sierra Leone and The Gambia," in Barbara Bompani and Maria Frahm-Arp (Editors), Development and Politics from Below: Exploring Religious Spaces in the African State. Palgrave/Macmillan, London, 2010.
"Islam in Kombo: The Spiritual and Militant Jihad of Fode Ibrahim Ture," Islamic Africa, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
"The Islamic Factor in the Development of Sierra Leone," Paul Lovejoy and Suzanne Schwarz (Editors), Slavery, Abolition and the Transition to Colonialism in Sierra Leone (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press).
Recent Book Reviews
Cheikh Anta Babou, Fighting the Greater Jihad: Amadu Bamba and the Founding of the Muridiyya of Senegal, 1852-1913. Africa, 78/3, 2008.
John Glover, Sufism and Jihad in Modern Senegal: The Murid Order. Africa, 79/2,2009.
Patrick Manning, The African Diaspora: A History Through Culture. Africa, 81/3, 2011.
Toyin Falola and Aribidesi Usman (Editors), Movements, Borders, and Identities in Africa.
Africa, 81/4, 2011.
Forthcoming Book Reviews
Behnaz A. Mirzai, Ismael Musah Montana and Paul Lovejoy (Editors), Slavery, Islam and Diaspora. Islamic Africa
Works in Progress
Muslim Converts and the Development of Modern Islamic Schools in Ghana. Paper presented to the 4th International European Conference on African Studies, Uppsala, 15-18 June 2011. Submitted for publication to the journal Religion in Africa.
Borderlands are not Boundaries: Nation Building, Subnational Movements and Transnational Islamic Organizations. Paper to be presented at the Centre of African Studies' 50th Anniversary International Conference, Edinburgh, 5-9 June 2012.
Mande Participation in the 'Baddibu Wars' in Senegambia (under revision for Mande Studies).
Jihad or Not Jihad: Political and Economic Interests on the Gambia River, 1851-1901.
Islam in Contemporary West Africa: Da'wah and Politics in Ghana, Sierra Leone and The Gambia (manuscript to be submitted to the AEGIS book series).
The Muslim Community Association of Northern California: Globalism and Localism.
The History of the Granada Islamic School of Santa Clara, California.
(with Rania Lashin)
United Kingdom, France, Sierra Leone, and Guinea, 1968-69: Ford Foundation Scholar.
United Kingdom and France, summer 1971: Santa Clara University Grant.
United Kingdom, France and Sierra Leone, summer 1972: Santa Clara University Grant.
United Kingdom, France, Sierra Leone, and Senegal, summer 1973: National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow.
United Kingdom and France, summer 1974: Santa Clara University Grant.
United Kingdom, Egypt, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Ghana, 1975-1976: Maybelle McLeod Lewis Memorial Fund; Social Science Research Council and American Council of Learned Societies Fellow.
United Kingdom, summer 1977: self-financed.
United Kingdom and France, summer 1978: self-financed.
United Kingdom, summer 1979: Grants from Santa Clara University and the American Philosophical Society.
Ghana, Togo, and the United Kingdom, July-January 1980/81: Sabbatical Leave.
United Kingdom, France, Ghana, and The Gambia, 1981: National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow.
Ghana, The Gambia, Senegal, France and the United Kingdom, January-August 1982: Fulbright Program, Visiting Professor.
United Kingdom and The Gambia, summer 1983: Santa Clara University President's Grant.
Senegal, The Gambia and Sierra Leone, August, 1985: Reverend Thomas Terry, S.J. Award. Directed the research of two students: Miguel Gomes and Nick Wood.
Sierra Leone, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, and London, summer 1987.
Phi Alpha Theta Faculty Advisor Award, 1986. Directed the research of six students: Elise Banducci, Eliana Chapman, Kim Johnson, Marilyn Kulick, Maureen McEnroe and Kendall Stratford.
Joint African Studies Center, Stanford University and the University of California at Berkeley: Publication Grant, 1987.
Senegal and The Gambia, July-September, 1988: Reverend Thomas Terry, S.J. Award. Directed the research of two students: Christopher Skinner and Matthew Stevens.
Sierra Leone, The Gambia and London, October-December, 1988: Sabbatical Leave.
Ghana, London and Paris, August-October, 1989: Sabbatical Leave.
The Formation of Muslim Communities in Northern California: Reverend Thomas Terry, S.J. Award. 1994-1996 (Assisted by several students).
Curriculum Development Grant, College of Arts and Sciences, Santa Clara University. 1996-1997.
The Gambia, summer, 1997: Travel grant, Santa Clara University.
Curriculum Development Grant for research on Globalization, Santa Clara University, summer 2002.
United Kingdom, France and Italy: Research on Islam in Europe, summer 2003 and 2005.
United Kingdom, France and Tunisia: Sabbatical research, June 2007- August 2008. Research grant, Santa Clara University.
Curriculum Development Grant for Cultures and Ideas in Islamic Studies, Santa Clara University, summer 2008.
United Kingdom: Research on Muslim communities in Europe and on Islam in West Africa, June-July 2009.
Edinburgh, Scotland: Research on Muslim communities in Europe and on Islam in West Africa, June-July 2011.
African Studies Association of the USA (Local Arrangements Committee, 2005-2006 and 2010)
Mande Studies Association (MANSA)
Senior Associate Member, St Antony's College, Oxford University
Visiting Fellow, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh
Advisory Board, Critical African Studies, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh
Africa Borderland Research Network (ABORNE), Founding Member
Ghana Studies Association