Santa Clara University

Psychology department

Tracey Kahan


Santa Clara University
Department of Psychology
500 El Camino Real
Santa Clara, CA  95053-0333
Phone: 408-554-4812

Educational Background

Ph.D., State University of New York, Stony Brook


PSYC 1: General Psychology I

PSYC 43: Research Methods
PSYC 120: Perception

PSYC 131: Cognitive Psychology
PSYC 133: Advanced Topics in Cognitive Psychology
PSYC 135: Psychology of Sleep and Dreaming
PSYC 195: Research Practicum


  • Discrimination of memories for actual and imagined experience
  • Relationship between dreaming and waking cognition and metacognition
  • Contribution of reflective consciousness to memory
  • "Mindfulness" Practice and social action

Representative Publications

Kahan, T. L. (2011). Possible worlds, possible selves: Dreaming and the liberation of consciousness. In S. Kakar (Ed.), On dreams and dreaming (pp. 109-126). New Delhi: Viking-Penguin.

Kahan, T.L. and LaBerge, Stephen P. (2011). Dreaming and waking: Similarities and differences revisited, Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 494-515.

Bulkeley, K. and Kahan, T.L. (2008). The impact of September 11 on dreaming. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1248-1256.

Baker, F. C., Colrain, I. A., Kahan, T. L., Trinder, J. (2007). Sleep Quality and the Sleep Electroencephalogram in Women with Severe Premenstrual Syndrome. SLEEP, Vol. 30, No. 10.

Kahan, T. L., & Simone, P. (2005). Where neurocognition meets the master: Attention and metacognition in Zen. Chapter to appear in K. Bulkeley (Ed.), Soul, Psyche, & Brain (pp. 113-137), New York: Palgrave.    

Frey, M., Graca, M., Hem, H., Hoffman, C., & Kahan, T. L. (2003). Influence of a Sleeping Verses Waking Retention Interval on Spatial Visual Auditory Memory Performance. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 8 (4), 163-169.

Kahan, T.L. (2001). Consciousness in dreaming: A metacognitive approach. In K. Bulkeley (Ed.), Dreams: A reader on the religious, cultural, and psychological dimensions of dreaming (pp. 333-360). New York: Palgrave.

Rose, D.A., & Kahan, T. L. (2001). Melatonin and sleep qualities in healthy adults: Pharmacological and expectancy effects. The Journal of General Psychology: Experimental, Physiological, and Comparative Psychology, 128 (4), 401-421.

Kahan, T.L. (2000). The "problem" of dreaming in NREM sleep continues to challenge reductionist (two generator) models of dream generation (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23: 6, 956-958.

Kahan, T.L., Hays, J., Hirashima, B., & Johnston, K. (2000). Effects of melatonin on dream bizarreness among male and female college students. Sleep and Hypnosis, 2(2), 74-83.

Kahan, T.L., Mohsen, R., Tandez, J., & McDonald, J. (1999). Discriminating memories for actual and imagined taste experiences: A reality monitoring approach. American Journal of Psychology, 112(1), 97-112.

Rose, D.A., Chase, J., Blazej, E., & Kahan, T. L. (1999). Effects of exogenous melatonin on sleep quality in healthy college students. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 4(1), 3-8.

Kahan, T.L., LaBerge, S., Levitan, L., & Zimbardo, P. (1997). Similarities and differences between dreaming and waking cognition: An exploratory study. Consciousness and Cognition, 6, 132-147.

Kahan, T.L., & LaBerge, S.L.(1996). Cognition and metacognition in dreaming and waking: Comparisons of first and third-person ratings. Dreaming, 6, 235-249.

Kahan, T.L. (1996). Memory source confusions: The effects of character rotational sensory modality. American Journal of Psychology, 109, 431-449.

Kahan, T.L., & LaBerge, S.L.(1994). Lucid dreaming as metacognition: Implications for cognitive science. Consciousness and Cogntion, 3, 246-264.