At the Center
Capturing the lively discussions, presentations, and other events that make up the daily activities of the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University.
Wednesday, Oct. 2, 2013 4:32 PM
As Santa Clara University competes this week in the 2013 Solar Decathlon, the U.S. Department of Energy's contest to build solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive, the University's team distinguishes itself by the attention it pays to the ethical issues behind creating a sustainable home.
The ethics analysis was spurred by two Environmental Ethics Fellows from the Ethics Center. Allie Sibole, now a junior, broke down the ethical issues in the use of all the major materials, from aluminum to steel, chosen by the team to build the house. She also examined all of the categories used to judge the competition.
Melissa Giorgi, who graduated in June, focused on the community outreach aspects of the project with a particular focus on how to extend the benefits of solar energy to low income communities.
The Environmental Ethics Fellowship is made possible by a gift from John and Joan Casey.
Tuesday, Oct. 1, 2013 4:27 PM
William Hurlbut, a physician and Consulting Professor, Stanford University Neuroscience Institute, explores the ethical issues associated with advancing biomedical technology, the biological basis of moral awareness, and the integration of theology and philosophy of biology. His courses in biomedical ethics in the Program in Human Biology have included: Biology, Technology and Human Life, and Ethical Issues in the Neurosciences. He has worked with NASA on projects in astrobiology, and since 1998 has been a member of the Chemical and Biological Warfare working group at the Stanford University Center for International Security and Cooperation.
Hurlbut has come to national prominence for his advocacy of Altered Nuclear Transfer (ANT), a scientific method of obtaining pluripotent stem cells without the creation and destruction of human embryos. He has spoken all over the world on the intrinsic dignity of human life, including the moral value of the human embryo. In mid-2007, he was the guest of the BBC World Service Radio programme, The Interview. In 2009, commentary from Dr. Hurlbut was featured in the futurist documentary "Transcendent Man." In 2010, he was featured in the award winning film, "The Human Experience."
We are fortunate to present this program in part through the generosity of the Project on Conscience in Roman Catholic Thought, funded by Phyllis and Mike Shea.
You're Invited to Tweet! Tweet with us on this topic before, during, and after the event at: #ethicscells and/or #conscienceproject. Follow us on Twitter at @mcaenews
JOIN US OCTOBER 9, 12 pm - 1, Wiegand Room, Arts and Sciences Building
Monday, Sep. 30, 2013 4:42 PM
The Ethics Center is featured in Santa Clara Magazine, SCU's alumni publication, with an article detailing the Center's history and current programs in business ethics, bioethics, government ethics, campus ethics, Internet ethics, and character education.
Friday, Sep. 27, 2013 1:47 PM
Monday, Sept. 30, the Center kicks off The Conscience Project, a yearlong series of talks exploring our inner moral core as we confront contemporary challenges in science, technology, religion, education, and business.
The first speaker in the series will be George Lucas Jr., professor of public policy at the Naval Postgraduate School, on robot morality. Other presenters include Stanford Professor William Hurlbut on stem cells and cloning, Notre Dame Professor Darcia Narvaez on teaching moral character, and SCU Professor Manuel Velasquez addressing the question, "Can a business have a conscience?"
We are fortunate to present these speakers in part through the generosity of the "Project on Conscience in Roman Catholic Thought," funded by Phyllis and Mke Shea.
Thursday, Sep. 19, 2013 6:58 PM
Subtitled Why We All Should Think Like Lawyers, Kenneth Manaster's recently published book, The American Legal System and Civic Engagement (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) argues that "ordinary citizens can form their opinions on public issues more intelligently, confidently, and responsibly if they have some guidance on how to do it." Manaster, a professor of law at Santa Clara University, uses the traditions of the law to illustrate how to engage in responsible public debate.
Manaster, a scholar at the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, is the holder of the University's Presidential Professorship of Ethics and the Common Good. Under the auspices of the Ethics Center, Manaster brought together faculty members from multiple disciplines to discuss the project.
Thursday, Sep. 19, 2013 3:50 PM
Can we outsource morality to a robot? This isn't just a question for a sci-fi movie. It's a question that arises from rapid advances in the field of robotics. Engineers, for instance, have tried to program robots to make moral decisions, particularly when the stakes are high. George Lucas, of the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, will address this topic, particularly as it pertains to the military's increasing reliance on these robots.
Lucas is Class of 1984 Distinguished Chair in Ethics in the Vice Admiral James B. Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership at the United States Naval Academy (Annapolis), and Professor of Ethics and Public Policy at the Graduate School of Public Policy at the Naval Postgraduate School (Monterey, CA). He has taught at Georgetown University, Emory University, Randolph-Macon College, the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, and served as Philosophy Department Chairman at the University of Santa Clara in California. He has received research fellowships from the Fulbright Commission and the American Council of Learned Societies, and has served three times (in 1986, 1990, and 2004) as director of National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institutes for College and University Faculty.
We are fortunate to present this program in part through the generosity of the Project on Conscience
in Roman Catholic Thought, funded by Phyllis and Mike Shea.
Co-sponsored by Markkula Center for Applied Ethics and The Commonwealth Club of California, Silicon Valley.
You're Invited to Tweet!
Tweet with us on this topic before, during, and after the event at: #ethicsrobot and/or #conscienceproject.
Find us on Twitter at @mcaenews
Thursday, Sep. 19, 2013 2:12 PM
A new software engineering ethics teaching module from the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics has the blogosphere talking about the need for ethics education for engineers. An article in Pacific Standard, later reposted in Slate, picked up on the work of Center Internet Ethics Director Irina Raicu to develop ethics curricula that can be slipped into courses in engineering. As she told Pacific Standard, software engineers used to work in big companies where they had checks on the choices they made. 'Now, we’re talking about two guys in hoodies in a garage,' Raicu said. They deploy the code now and fix it later. 'That’s why we need to get them thinking about this early.'"
The module for software engineers was created by SCU Associate Professor of Philosophy Shannon Vallor with special contributions from Arvind Narayanan, assistant professor of computer science,Princeton University. Narayanan also raised the issue on the blog Freedom to Tinker, where he asked engineers to submit ethical issues they had confronted in their work.
Wednesday, Sep. 18, 2013 9:50 AM
Sally Lehrman has been named senior fellow in journalism ethics at the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. Formerly the the Knight Ridder Professor in Journalism and the Public Interest at SCU, Lehrman will continue convening the Executive Roundtable on Digital Journalism Ethics, which she started in collaboration with the Center in 2008. Her work has focused on medical and science policy reporting and on diversity in the newsroom.
Friday, Sep. 13, 2013 1:16 PM
The moment has come in the Mass for the readings. You look down the row as the reader begins a passage from Malachi or Thessalonians or Luke. Are the children listening raptly to the word of God? More likely they are squirming in the pew, poking a younger sibling, whispering, or daydreaming. The biblical language and concepts have left them behind.
But it doesn’t have to be that way. Steve Johnson, director of character education at Santa Clara University’s Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, says these ancient texts can speak very directly to kids—with the help of the Center’s new faith formation program, Build. Plant. Grow.
The curriculum pairs the Sunday readings with a classic children’s book and uses both to highlight a virtue that anyone can practice.
Build. Plant. Grow. takes its title from a passage in Jeremiah:
Build houses and live in them; plant gardens and eat what they produce...multiply there and do not decrease. But seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the Lord on its behalf, for in its welfare, you will find your welfare.
According to Johnson, the curriculum “is a faith formation program for people of any age who build, plant, and grow the word in their lives. It’s especially for use in schools and parishes as children break open the word each week.” The online curriculum
provides weekly lesson plans that suggest how people can, as Johnson puts it, “live our daily lives as Christians at our best.”
An illustration: The lesson plan for the third Sunday in September looks at the value of compassion in Horton Hears a Who by Dr. Seuss and a passage from the Gospel of St. Luke, which includes the story of the good shepherd who goes in search of one lost sheep. Participants—both young and old—are encouraged to care for every each individual regardless of their status—as Horton puts it, “A person’s a person no matter how small.” The curriculum then asks how caring and compassion can be put into action by, for example, providing items for distribution to the needy at the St. Vincent de Paul Society.
Anthony Mancuso, S.J., chaplain at St. Francis High School in Mountain View, Calif., wrote many of the lesson plans for Build. Plant. Grow. “I took the readings for each Sunday and pulled out a connection between them, often a word related to a virtue, such as justice or courage,” he said. Mancuso tied that idea to a children’s book dealing with the same theme, which “allows the ethics to come alive for a younger mind.” The lesson plans also offer hands-on activities, with different approaches sensitive to the different ways children learn. Another section, called “What can I do today?” asks children to take concrete actions based on the virtue they’re learning about. Finally, the lesson concludes with a prayer.
Build. Plant. Grow. is intended for use by Catholic school and parish religion teachers and by parents who want to engage young people in the Gospel message in a way that is relevant and vital.
Friday, Sep. 13, 2013 11:40 AM
Father Thomas Reese, SJ, Markkula Center Visiting Scholar and Senior Analyst, National Catholic Reporter, provided humor, inspiration, and savvy commentary on "all things Pope Francis" during the September 12th Ethics at Noon session, entertaining and informing the lunchtime crowd of 80 attendants.
What's in a name? Pope Francis is known for his simplicity, love of the poor and of Creation, and as a celebrant of peace and interreligious understanding. Indeed his first actions are best defined as "simple:" paying his hotel bill, refusing to live in the papal apartments, driving a Ford instead of a Mercedes, and washing the feet of prisoners. As Archbishop of Buenos Aires, he cooked his own meals and took the bus over limousines. We can almost refer to him as the "cold call Pope," who is not afraid to make his own phone calls and request a direct connection to "he Jesuit switchboard."
And yet, Reese's excellent grasp of the Pope's positions reveal complexity behind the simplicity, and a real ability for both Reese and the Pope, to call it like they see it. For example, the Pope's pastoral priorities conjure a church of the heart, that serves as both reconciler and conduit for justice, charity, and love. His priorities for Bishops include increased involvement of women in the church, a rediscovery of "mercy," and a proactive and entrepreneurial mindset.
Following are additional key soundbytes and questions from the presentation:
- We are a church of symbols, and this is how we communicate
- On sexual abuse: zero tolerance
- Celibacy: "it's a matter of discipline, not faith. It can change."
- The Appointment of Bishops: they should be close to the people, as well as gentle, patient, as merciful.
No princes. "Shepherds should smell like their sheep."
- Denying Communion: One can deny communio to a sinner, "but it's very difficult to check such things."
- The Church: Are we still capable of warming hearts? "I prefer a church that makes mistakes because it is doing something, to one that sickens because it remains shut in."
- On The Vatican and Change: Don't make curia officials bishops or cardinals; call for separation of legislative, executive, and judicial power; Vatican needs to become a modern bureaucracy.
Formerly the editor of America magazine, Reese is the author of a trilogy examining Catholic Church organization and politics on the local, national, and international levels: Archbishop: Inside the Power Structure of the American Catholic Church (Harper & Row, 1989), A Flock of Shepherds: The National Conference of Catholic Bishops (Sheed & Ward , 1992), and Inside the Vatican: The Politics and Organization of the Catholic Church (Harvard University Press, 1997). Reese is a frequent commentator for national news outlets such as NPR, and major news networks.
MORE: Listen to the podcast here.