Markkula Center of Applied Ethics

Ethics Articles

Internet Ethics

Yik Yak: The Medium and the Message
Do social media preclude thoughtful dialogue?
Miriam Schulman
Luciano Floridi's Talk at Santa Clara University on the "Right to Be Forgotten"
In the polarized debate about the so-called ?right to be forgotten,? Luciano Floridi has played a key role. Professor Floridi, who is the Director of Research of the Oxford Internet Institute, spoke recently at Santa Clara University.
Irina Raicu
Covering Sexism in Tech
The lack of diversity in the ranks of Silicon Valley tech companies has been a subject for debate for quite some time. Recently, however, the debate has gathered more steam (and more voices).
Irina Raicu
Ethical Hacking and the Ethics of Disclosure
What are some of the ethical issues associated with disclosures of discovered vulnerabilities?
Irina Raicu
Practically as an Accident?: On "Social Facts" and the Common Good
The surveillance behind no-notice-no-consent social media research comes at great cost to society
Irina Raicu
Ethical Uses of Collected Data
Now that big data is providing access to information that would not previously have been discovered, what are the ethical boundaries around companies? use of this data?
Margaret Steen
Ethics of Encryption
Balancing privacy with public safety in encryption
Margaret Steen
Readings in Big Data Ethics
A non-exhausted list intended to spark more conversations about the ethics of big data
Irina Raicu
Are You a Hysteric or a Sociopath?
We need to be able to discuss privacy without charged rhetoric making the debate even more difficult.
Irina Raicu
Privacy in the Age of Facebook
The amount and kinds of information that people post on Facebook do not mean that people don't care about privacy.
Irina Raicu
Cookies and Privacy
An ?experiment? to show that people do care about privacy
Irina Raicu
Dickens on Big Data
The impulse to quantify and use big data is not new. Dickens? Hard Times critiques the consequences.
Irina Raicu
Big Data; Small Politics
A discussion of algorithmic regulation and its pitfalls
Evgeny Morozov
The Internet of Things
The ethical implications of the rise of "The Internet of Things," the "Sensor Revolution," or "The Programmable World"
Owen Tripp
The New Digital Divide
In this brief video, Silicon Valley entrepreneur and innovator Kim Polese addresses the new digital divide--between those who have high-speed wired broadband access to the Internet in their homes, and those who don't.
Kim Polese
Internet Access Is a Privilege
What would our lives be like if we no longer had access to the Internet? How much good would we lose? How much harm would we be spared? In this brief video, one of Apple's co-founders argues that Internet use is a privilege and considers ways to minimize some of the harms associated with it, while fully appreciating its benefits.
A. C.
Protecting Privacy and Society
Consumer and business data is increasingly moving to the "cloud," and people are clamoring for protection of that data. However, "maximum privacy" is really anonymity, and some people use it as a shield for illegal and unethical behavior. How should cloud service providers deal with this dilemma?
Steve Bennett
The Right to Be Forgotten co-founder Own Tripp discusses the long life of information online and its repercussions. Response by Evan Selinger, associate professor of philosophy, Rochester Institute of Technology.
Owen Tripp
On Designing a More Ethical Internet
What does it mean to live well by means of the Internet? In what ways can the Internet help us live well, or make it more difficult to live well? In this brief video, Santa Clara University Assistant Professor Shannon Vallor looks at the Internet through a philosopher's lens.
Shannon Vallor
Loss of Online Privacy: What's the Harm?
Loss of Online Privacy: What's the Harm?
Irina Raicu
Ethics of Online Privacy Protection
Balancing benefits and harms of Internet privacy
Irina Raicu
Unavoidable Ethical Questions About Hacking
Justice, common good, utilitarian, rights, and virtue approaches to hacking hacking, ethics
Irina Raicu
Unavoidable Ethical Questions About Social Networking
Fairness, rights, and virtues are explored in relation to sites such as Facebook and MySpace
Ethics and Politics of Search Engines
Transcript of a panel discussing privacy, censorship, fairness, and access issues related to search engines.
Peter Norvig, Terry Winograd, Geoffrey Bowker, Kir
Unavoidable Ethical Questions About Search Engines
Privacy, censorship, trust, and intellectual property rights are among the issues raised about ethics and search engines.
Introduction to Internet Ethics
What is Internet Ethics?
Irina Raicu
Are You A Hysteric, Or A Sociopath? Welcome to the Privacy Debate
In the ongoing, much-needed discussion about privacy, the tone is often not conducive to persuasion, and therefore progress
Irina Raicu
Content versus Conversation
Do social media users see themselves as content-creators for media companies, or just as people engaged in conversations?
Irina Raicu
Singing in the Shower: Privacy in the Age of Facebook
There are a lot of misleading clichés about privacy in the age of Facebook; it?s time to let them go the way of other much-repeated statements that turned out to be false, and it?s certainly time to stop using them as justifications for practices that violate privacy.
Irina Raicu
Conscience, Edward Snowden, and the Internet
David DeCosse, director of Campus Ethics, and Irina Raicu, director of Internet Ethics, explore whether Edward Snowden's actions constituted civil disobedience.
Brian Green
When Do Startups Have to Grow Up and Embrace Diversity?
Do startups get a "pass" on creating diversity in their rapidly growing staffs? If so, for how long? Second, at what point do startups owe the public transparency about their worker diversity?
The Right to Be Forgotten or the Right to Edit
A ruling by the European Court of Justice sparks an international discussion of whether people have the right to eliminate items about themselves from search engine results.
Irina Raicu
Hashtag Activism: The Ethics of Online Campaigns
Video interview about #BringBackOurGirls and #YesAllWomen and what these campaigns bode for political activism
Irina Raicu and Miriam Schulman
General Solicitation and Startup Fundraising
The SEC recently lifted the ban on general solicitation, meaning companies can now public advertise that they are seeking money. What affect will this have on startups and investors?
Elizabeth Powers, Joe Schmid, and Martin Zwilling
Responsible Innovation in the Age of Big Data
Confessions of a "recovering" data broker
James Adler
Ethics for App Makers
Video of a talk by SCU Philosophy Professor Shannon Vallor at Renaissance 2014
Shannon Vallor
The Ethics of Online Price Discrimination
Panel Discussion on differential pricing
Kirthi Kalyanam, Eric Goldman, Ashkan Soltani
Make Hay
Ethical questions Americans should ask themselves about balancing privacy and security
Irina Raicu
Facebook's Mobile Home Ignores Context
The ubiquity of Facebook's "home" feature may draw attention to itself when it's most disruptive and least appropriate
Irina Raicu
Cyber Security and the Obligations of Companies
Ken Baylor, an expert on IT security and regulatory compliance, addresses the reality of cyber security in 2013.
Margaret Steen
Privacy and Innovation
Travis LeBlanc, special assistant attorney general of California, and Irina Raicu, Internet Ethics Program Manager at the Ethics Center discuss whether privacy concerns must stifle innovation.
Margaret Steen
Mobile Technology and Social Media - Ethical Implications
In emerging markets in particular, mobile devices and social media have become "life tools" used for telemedicine, banking, education, communication, and more. These developments give rise to new ethical challenges.
Radha Basu
The Ethical Dilemma of BYOD
As people increasingly bring their own (mostly mobile) devices into the workplace, and use them for both personal and professional activities, new challenges arise--for the employees as well as their employers. Pat Gelsinger, the CEO of VMware, discusses some of the implications of BYOD for data security and personal privacy.
Pat Gelsiger
The Disconnect: Accountability and Consequences Online
A discussion of the breakdown among responsibility, accountability, and consequences in the online world, as demonstrated by some digital media coverage.
Stephen Luczo
The Need for Accuracy Online
There's a gap between what Internet users expect to receive (i.e. factual and accurate information) and what they too often get instead. Is it the user's responsibility to judge which sources to access on the Web? Do the publishers have a duty to strive to be accurate?
Privacy Tradeoffs Online
NetApp's Executive Chairman Dan Warmenhoven discusses the development of GPS-tracking technology and the ethical issues associated with the aggregation of GPS data into large databases.
Dan Warmenhoven
Privacy by Design: An Engineering Ethics Perspective
Video of a panel discussion one "baking privacy into" products
Ben Adida,Brian Kennish,Arvind Narayanan,Irina Rai
Privacy Protection: A Quiz
How much do you know about privacy? Try this quiz.
Berkeley Center for Law and Technology
Information About You = $
How Internet companies provide personal data to advertisers
Irina Raicu
How To Protect Your Online Privacy
Tips and links
Irina Raicu
Present and Future of Social Networking
A panel exploring the ethical and social implications of social networking technology.
John Squires, Kaitlin Thompson, Shannon Vallor, Ma
Minds for Sale: Ubiquitous Human Computing and the Future of the Internet
Report on a talk by Jonathan Zittrain on crowdsourcing
Leading the Technological Good Life
A Web site for students on the intersection of technology and ethics
World that Wikipedia Made
A panel discussion on technology, ethics, and the law in the Wikipedia editing model