Markkula Center for Applied Ethics

Additional Resources

Additional Resources

Crowd-sourced ideas on identifying and blocking fake news, started by Eli Pariser


Crowd-sourced Diffr Project, by Tim McCormick, San Francisco


Thoughts on design

Open Trust Protocol Validator

Open Trust Protocol

Aligns the Trust Indicators with standards in order to implement a simple, best practices-based system for including Trust Indicators on news platforms. Users can submit a URL and receive an analysis of their implementation of the Indicators and recommendations on what is missing. They fill out the form with the relevant organization data, click generate, and receive a metadata snippet that can be added to their site. The Economist

Open Trust Protocol

The Source

Scans news stories for verifiable data objects and outputs them as structured data.

The Washington Post, Mic, Vox, Buzzfeed

Trust Hound: Site-Level Open Trust Protocol (Author, Best Practices)

Implements and expands upon the Trust Protocol.

Trinity Mirror


Author Expertise and ID

Subject Expertise Bios – Contextualized

Surfaces reporters’ bios in the context of a story and alongside it while it is being read, watched or heard. Enables reporters to preload topic-specific bios and links them to any of their stories on the same topics. This contextual expertise relationship also is coded in a story’s microdata.


A Certified Signature: Author certification and expertise system

La Stampa



SeeSource: Newsroom CMS and audience literacy tool to highlight source quality

This service (plug in and drupal module) validates “sources” metatags. Journalists enter data about their sources in a predesigned format; from the audience perspective, the sources appear as a highlighted text that, when clicked, show a pop-up window with additional information.  Users are also asked to rank source quality in a simple "five stars" ranking style.

El Universal and Center for Investigative Reporting


Original Reporting

Gleaning Provenance from Article Similarity

Measures similarity of articles to assess whether they are recycled churnalism or original reporting. Shows clusters of articles to ID the original news source (by date); also connects user to diverse, validated perspectives on same topic.

Team BBCeX


Filter Bubble 

Automatic Journalism Discovery Agent: Pop Filter Bubble and Expose Problem News

  • Explains commonly used phrases
  • Highlights problematic phrases
  • Provides information on experts by finding other citations by the same named entity
  • Gives you out-of-bubble perspective by finding stories about the same named entities "in the other camp"


Open Bubble: Crowd-Sourced News Alternatives

The Guardian


Citations and references

Credibility Indicator: A tool for assessing the credibility of a news article by analyzing the relevance of linked articles. An article is "credible", if it links to 1 or 2 related articles that also cover the same topic. The rationale is that if there are related articles like that, it indicates a deeper knowledge of the topic being discussed and a more "in depth" coverage of it.


Gruner + Jahr


Original Reporting



BBC News Lab and Friends


Event Photos


Github site

Tech Development and UX Working Groups


Hearst Television
Independent Journal Review
Institute for Nonprofit News
New York Times
Washington Post
The Globe and Mail
USA Today Network


The Economist
La Stampa
La Repubblica
Haymarket Media
Trinity Mirror