Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev worked his way up in the Communist Party to become general secretary in 1985 and president of the Soviet Union in 1990. His reforms of glasnost, meaning more open discussion of political and social issues, and perestroika, the reorganization of the Soviet economic and political system, were largely responsible for dismantling the Soviet Union. He has received the Nobel Peace Prize, the Orders of Lenin, the Red Banner of Labour, and the Badge of Honour. After stepping down from power in 1991, he has served as president of both the Gorbachev Foundation and Green Cross International, where he works to create a sustainable future. Gorbachev now leads the Union of Social-Domocrats.


Resources for Teachers and Students

Reflections on Working Towards Peace