Affirmative action through clear words or actions.
Creates mutually understandable permission regarding the conditions of sexual activity.
Cannot be obtained by use of physical force, compelling threats, intimidating behavior, or coercion.
Cannot be given by someone known to be—or should be known to be—mentally or physically incapacitated. Incapacitation is a state where individuals cannot make rational, reasonable decisions because they lack the capacity to give knowing consent.