Session 6, Abstract 31
CHARACTERIZING THE EFFECT OF ZINC BINDING ON THE STRUCTURE AND CHAPERONE ACTIVITY OF A SMALL HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN
Bobby Shih* and Amanda Clouser (Rachel Klevit), University of Washington, Dept. of Biochemistry, 1705 NE Pacific St., Seattle, WA 98195
Proteins serve very specific and powerful functions in the cell by maintaining a specific shape through chemical interactions in the protein sequence. Under stress conditions however, these chemical interactions holding the protein together may break apart, leading to the protein’s loss of function and exposure of hydrophobic patches that can interact with other proteins to form toxic aggregates. Heat shock proteins (sHSPs) act as safeguards under conditions of stress and protein misfolding as molecular chaperones that interact with exposed hydrophobic patches to stabilize unfolded proteins. The importance of sHSPs in the cell is exemplified through various disease-associated mutations of sHSPs. sHSPs are a large and diverse family of proteins distinctive in their ability to form multimers of various sizes, which correlates with varying ability to prevent aggregation. However, little is known about how different structural elements of sHSPs influence function. The Klevit lab aims to better understand the molecular interactions of human sHSPs with themselves, how these sHSPs are activated in cellular conditions, and how they recognize and bind unfolded protein. My work focuses on the characterization of the structure and function of the human sHSP, HSPB8. Specifically, I am studying the effects of HSPB8 binding to zinc, the cellular levels of which vary in response to stress and regulate the function of many other proteins. By comparing zinc bound and non-zinc bound protein samples using various biophysical techniques, I aim to elucidate the effects of zinc binding on structural and functional elements of HSPB8.