About This Site

The Architects of Peace project, based on the photography of Michael Collopy, models an interdisciplinary, web-based approach to Peace Studies geared toward collegiate underclassmen and secondary-level upperclassmen. The project is sponsored by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, one of Santa Clara University's Centers of Distinction.

  • Curriculum Development

    • John S. Farnsworth, Research Fellow

  • Project Consultant

  • Project Directors

    • David DeCosse, Director, Campus Ethics Programs
    • Almaz Negash, Director, Global Leadership and Ethics Program

  • Website Development Team

    • Miriam Schulman, Director of Communications
    • Emily Mooney, Web Developer
    • Madhan Manoharan, Web Developer
    • Gregory Auld, Web Developer

The Architects of Peace photography exhibit, now permanently housed in the Santa Clara University Arts and Sciences center, and Michael Collopy's book, Architects of Peace, published by the New World Library, are the foundational elements of this project.

We gratefully acknowledge the many participants who generously provided original statements for Architects of Peace: Hafsat Abiola, Mahnaz Afkhami, Joan Baez, Benazir Bhutto, James and Sarah Brady, David Brower, Jimmy Carter, César Chavez, Theo Colburn, Jean-Michel Cousteau, Walter Cronkite, Dith Pran, Marian Wright Edelman, Arun Gandhi, Chief Leonard George, Dr. Lorraine Hale, Nadja Halilbegovich, Dr. Mahbub ul-Haq, Paul Hawken, Dr. David Ho, Queen Noor al-Hussein, Reverend Jesse Jackson, Bianca Jagger, Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Craig Kielburger, Coretta Scott King, Dr. Henry A. Kissinger, Phil Lane Jr., Maya Lin, Mairead Corrigan Maguire, Rigoberta Menchú Tum (translated by Richard Castillo), Colin Powell, Robert Redford, Jehan Sadat, Carlos Santana, Steven Spielberg, Mother Teresa, Ted Turner, Ingrid Washinawatok el-Issa, and Wei Jingsheng.

Copyright Permissions

We gratefully acknowledge the following publishers and copyright holders for their permission to reprint the following statements:

Bella Abzug: Excerpt from Gender Gap: Bella Abzug's Guide to Political Power for American Women by Bella Abzug and Mim Kelber. Copyright © 1984 by Bella S. Abzug and Mim Kelber. Reprinted by permission of Houghton Mifflin Co. All rights reserved.

Maya Angelou: Excerpt from "An American Odyssey: From Martin Luther King to Rodney King" by Maya Angelou, Ryszard Kapuscinksi, and Ali Mazrui. Copyright © 1991 by Maya Angelou. Reprinted by permission of New Perspectives Quarterly.

Oscar Arias Sanchez: Excerpt from a speech given to the InterAction Council, "Some Contributions to a Universal Declaration of Human Obligations." Copyright © 1997 by Oscar Arias Sanchez. Reprinted by permission of the author and the InterAction Council.

Harry Belafonte: Excerpt from "Is America a Burning House?: We Need a Voice of Moral Courage to Offer a Vision for the Twenty-First Century" by Harry Belafonte. Copyright © 1996 by Harry Belafonte. Reprinted by permission of Essence.

General George Lee Butler: Excerpt from "The Responsibility to End the Nuclear Madness" by General George Lee Butler. Copyright © 1999 by General George Lee Butler. Reprinted by permission of Waging Peace Worldwide: A Journal of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation and the author.

Dr. Helen Caldicott: Excerpt from If You Love This Planet: A Plan to Heal the Earth by Helen Caldicott. Copyright © 1992 by Helen Caldicott. Reprinted by permission of W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Geoffrey Canada: Excerpt from Fist Stick Knife Gun: A Personal History of Violence in America by Geoffrey Canada. Copyright © 1995 by Geoffrey Canada. Reprinted by permission of Beacon Press, Boston.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama: Excerpt from a speech given at the "Forum 2000" Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 3-7 September 1997. Copyright © 1997 by His Holiness the Dalai Lama.

Yaël Dayan: Excerpt from a speech given at the State of the World Forum. Copyright © 1996 by Yaël Dayan.

F. W. de Klerk: Excerpt from The Last Trek-A New Beginning: The Autobiography by F. W. de Klerk. Copyright © 1998 by F. W. de Klerk. Reprinted by permission of St. Martin's Press, LLC.

Jane Goodall: Excerpt from "Four Rays of Hope" by Jane Goodall. Copyright © 1999 by Jane Goodall. This article originally appeared in the Winter 1999 issue of Orion, 195 Main Street, Great Barrington, MA 01230. Reprinted by permission of Orion.

Mikhail Gorbachev: Excerpt from The Search for a New Beginning: Developing a New Civilization. Copyright © 1995 by Mikhail Gorbachev. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.

Reverend Billy Graham: Excerpt from Day by Day with Billy Graham by Joan Winmill Brown. Copyright © 1976 by the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Reprinted by permission of World Wide Publications and the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. All rights reserved.

Ida Jackson: Excerpt from "Ida Jackson: Oakland's First Black Teacher Reflects on Her Career" by Charles Aikens. Copyright © 1989 by Charles Aikens. Reprinted by permission of California Voice.

His Holiness Pope John Paul II: Excerpt from "Peace on Earth to Those Whom God Loves!" Speech for the Celebration of the World Day of Peace. The Vatican, 8 December 1999. Copyright © 1999 by Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 00120 Città del Vaticano. Reprinted by permission of Libreria Editrice Vaticana.

C. Everett Koop: Excerpt from "Essays on Science and Society: Protecting Medicine in the Twenty-first Century" by C. Everett Koop. Copyright © 1998 by C. Everett Koop. Reprinted by permission of Science.

Ron Kovic: Excerpt from "When a System Goes Astray, Go to the Streets: Today's Leaders Look to Tomorrow" by Ron Kovic. Copyright © 1990 by Ron Kovic and Time Inc. Reprinted by permission of Fortune.

Richard Leakey: Excerpt from The Sixth Extinction: Patterns of Life and the Future of Humankind by Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin. Copyright © 1995 by Sherma B.V. Reprinted by permission of Doubleday, a division of Random House, Inc.

Nelson Mandela: Excerpt from Long Walk to Freedom by Nelson Mandela. Copyright © 1994 by Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. Reprinted by permission of Little, Brown and Company, Inc.

Thich Nhat Hanh: Excerpt from Fragrant Palm Leaves: Journals 1962-1966 (1998) by Thich Nhat Hanh. Copyright © 1966 by Thich Nhat Hanh. Translation copyright © 1998 by Mobi Warren. Reprinted by permission of Parallax Press, Berkeley, California.

Linus Pauling: Excerpt from No More War! by Linus Pauling. Copyright © 1958 by Linus Pauling. Reprinted courtesy of the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, Oregon State University.

Shimon Peres: Excerpt from Battling for Peace: A Memoir by Shimon Peres edited by David Landau. Copyright © 1995 by Shimon Peres. Reprinted by permission of Random House, Inc.

Sister Helen Prejean: Excerpt from How Can I Find God? by Jim Martin. Copyright © 1997 by Jim Martin. Reprinted by permission of Liguori Publications, Liguori, MO 63057, www.liguori.org, 1-800-325-9521.

Leah Rabin: Excerpt from a speech given to the John F. Kennedy School of Government, March 7, 1996. Copyright © 1996 by Leah Rabin.

José Ramos-Horta: Excerpt from "End Poverty, Secure Peace," by José Ramos-Horta. Reprinted by permission of Waging Peace Worldwide: The Journal of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.

Margaret Thatcher: Excerpt from "Moral Foundations of Society: A Contrast between West and East" in U.S.A. Today Magazine. Copyright © 1996 by Margaret Thatcher and the Society for the Advancement of Education. Reprinted by permission of USA Today Magazine.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu: Excerpt from No Future Without Forgiveness by Desmond Mpilo Tutu. Copyright © 1999 by Desmond Mpilo Tutu. Reprinted by permission of Doubleday, a division of Random House, Inc.

Lech Walesa: Excerpt from A Way of Hope by Lech Walesa. Copyright © 1987 by Henry Holt and Company, Inc., and Librairie Arthème Fayard. Translation copyright © 1987 by Henry Holt and Company, Inc., and Collins Harvill. Reprinted by permission of Henry Holt and Company, Inc.

Alice Walker: Excerpt from Anything We Love Can Be Saved by Alice Walker. Copyright © 1999 by Alice Walker. Reprinted by permission of Random House, Inc.

Reverend Ben Weir: Excerpt from Hostage Bound Hostage Free by Ben and Carol Weir. Copyright © 1987 by Ben and Carol Weir. Reprinted by permission of the author.

Elie Wiesel: Excerpt from And the Sea Is Never Full: Memoirs, 1969- by Elie Wiesel. Copyright © 1987 by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Alfred A. Knopf, a division of Random House, Inc.

Jody Williams: Excerpt from "The International Campaign to Ban Landmines: A Model for Disarmament Initiatives" by Jody Williams. Copyright © 1997 by Jody Williams. Reprinted by permission of the Nobel Foundation and Jody Williams.

Harry Wu: Excerpt from "The Other Gulag: China's Forgotten Prison Empire" by Harry Wu. Copyright © 1999 by National Review, Inc., 215 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Reprinted by permission of National Review, Inc., and the author.

Andrew Young: Excerpt from An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America by Andrew Young. Copyright © 1996 by Andrew Young. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.

Muhammad Yunus: Excerpt from "Empowerment of the Poor" by Muhammad Yunus. Copyright © 1997 by Muhammad Yunus.

Every effort has been made to contact all rights holders of reprinted material in Architects of Peace.

The editors promise to correct any omissions or mistakes in acknowledgments in future editions.