# Chapter 15: Department of Mechanical Engineering

*Professor Emeritus: Terry E. ShoupProfessors: Christopher Kitts, M. Godfrey MungalAssociate Professors: Mohammad Ayoubi, *

**Drazen Fabris (Chair)**, Timothy K. Hight, Hohyun Lee, On Shun Pak, Panthea SepehrbandAssistant Professors: Michael TaylorLecturers: Robert Marks, Tony Restivo, Calvin Tszeng, Walter Yuen

## Overview

The Department of Mechanical Engineering is dedicated to delivering up-to-date, high-quality courses across a broad range of the discipline to meet the needs of both part- and full-time graduate students. These courses are concentrated in six technical areas: (1) design and analysis of thermo-fluid systems; (2) analysis and control of dynamic systems; (3) robotics and mechatronic systems; (4) mechanical design; (5) materials engineering; and (6) theoretical and computational mechanics. Educational efforts are channeled to expand the skills of prospective and practicing engineers, not only in understanding fundamentals but also in developing competence in analyzing engineering systems. The department offers graduate degrees at the master, engineer, and doctorate levels, as well as certificates.

## Master Of Science Programs

An M.S. degree requires 46 units of study with an overall GPA of 3.0 or higher. The student must select one of the five concentration areas and develop a program of studies with an advisor. Courses taken to satisfy any particular requirement may be used to simultaneously satisfy additional requirements for which they are appropriate. Master of Science degrees must include the following:

- Engineering Core- Enrichment experience requirement as described in Chapter 4 (8 units)
- Math requirement: 8 units composed of MECH 200 and 201, or MECH 202, and an approved two-course sequence or equivalent four-unit course in applied math
- Topic Requirement: 8 or more units depending on concentration area
- Concentration Electives: depending on the area (approximately 12 units)
- Culminating experience: 4–9 units toward a thesis, capstone project, or project course sequence

Culminating experience options depend on the concentration area. A thesis requires a faculty advisor and must be approved by an additional reader and the department chair. Thesis topics are to be determined by the student and faculty advisor, who need not be the concentration advisor. The additional reader need not be a Mechanical Engineering faculty member, but must be a full-time faculty member in the School of Engineering.

The student may take any additional graduate courses offered by the School of Engineering to meet the 46-unit requirement, but no more than six units of Engineering Management courses may be taken.

Please see Chapter 4, Academic Information for more information.

### Master Of Science In Mechanical Engineering Concentrations

#### Theoretical and Computational Mechanics

Advisors: Dr. Michael Taylor, Dr. On Shun Pak

Math Requirements (8 units): MECH/AMTH 200 and 201, or 202; and 4 units chosen from the following

- AMTH 374: Partial Differential Equations I (2 units)
- AMTH 375: Partial Differential Equations II (2 units)
- AMTH 220: Numerical Analysis I (2 units)
- AMTH 221: Numerical Analysis II (2 units)

Required Courses

- MECH 266: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics (2 units)
- MECH 270: Viscous Flows I (2 units)
- MECH 294: Continuum Mechanics (2 units)
- MECH 334: Elasticity I (2 units)

Electives (12 units)

- MECH 214: Advanced Dynamics I (2 units)
- MECH 215: Advanced Dynamics II (2 units)
- MECH 250: Finite Elements Methods I (2 units)
- MECH 251: Finite Elements Methods II (2 units)
- MECH 252: Finite Elements Methods III (2 units)
- MECH 268: Computational Fluid Dynamics I (2 units)
- MECH 269: Computational Fluid Dynamics II (2 units)
- MECH 271: Viscous Flows II (2 units)
- MECH 281: Fracture Mechanics and Fatigue (2 units)
- MECH 330: Atomic Arrangements, Defects, and Mechanical Behavior (2 units)

Culminating Experience: Thesis (4-9 units).

#### Dynamics and Controls

Advisors: Dr. Mohammad Ayoubi, Dr. Christopher Kitts

Math requirement (8 units): MECH 200 and 201, or MECH 202 and approved two-course sequence or equivalent four-unit course in Applied Math. Optimization techniques, numerical methods, probability, or linear algebra are recommended.

Required Courses

- MECH 214, 215 Advanced Dynamics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 305, 306 Advanced Vibrations I, II (4 units)
- MECH 323, 324 Modern Control Systems I, II (4 units)

Elective Courses (8 units required)

- MECH 205, 206 Aircraft Flight Dynamics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 221, 222 Orbital Mechanics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 232, 233 Multi-body Dynamics I, II (4 units) MECH 329 Introduction to Intelligent Control (2 units)
- MECH 337, 338 Robotics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 355, 356 Adaptive Control I, II (4 units)
- MECH 423 and 424 Nonlinear Systems and Control I, II (4 units)
- MECH 429 and 430 Optimal Control I and II (4 units)
- MECH 431 and 432 Spacecraft Dynamics I, II (4 units)

Culminating experience: Thesis optional, counts towards concentration electives (4–9 units).

#### Materials Engineering

Advisor: Dr. Panthea Sepehrband

Math requirement (8 units): MECH 200 and 201, or MECH 202 and approved two-course sequence or equivalent four-unit course in Applied Math.

Required Courses

- MECH 256 Introduction to Biomaterials (2 units)
- MECH 281 Fracture Mechanics and Fatigue (2 units)
- MECH 330 Atomic Arrangement, Defects, and Mechanical Behavior (2 units)
- MECH 331 Phase Equilibria and Transformations (2 units)
- MECH 332 Electronic Structure and Properties (2 units)
- MECH 333 Experiments in Materials Science (2 units)
- MECH 334 Elasticity (2 units)
- MECH 345 Modern Instrumentation and Experimentation (2 units)

Recommended Courses

- AMTH 210 Introduction to Probability I and AMTH 211 Continuous Probability (2 units each)
- AMTH 217 Design of Scientific Experiments and AMTH 219 Analysis of Scientific Experiments (2 units each)
- AMTH 218 Process Troubleshooting and Control (2 units)
- CENG 205, 206, and 207 Finite Element Methods I, II, and III (2 units each)
- CENG 211 Advanced Strength of Materials (4 units)
- ELEN 271 Microsensors: Components and Systems (2 units)
- ELEN 274 and 275 Integrated Circuit Fabrication Processes I and II (2 units each)
- ELEN 276 Integrated Circuits Devices and Technology (2 units)
- ELEN 277 IC Assembly and Packaging Technology (2 units)
- ELEN 390 Semiconductor Device Technology Reliability (2 units)
- MECH 273 Designing with Plastic Materials (2 units)
- MECH 274 Processing Plastic Materials (2 units)
- MECH 277 Injection Mold Tool Design (2 units)
- MECH 350 and 351 Composite Materials I and II (2 units each)

Culminating experience: Thesis (4–9 units), or MECH 333B, or MECH 346.

#### Mechanical Design

Advisors: Dr. Tim Hight, Dr. Tony Restivo, Dr. Terry Shoup

Math requirement (8 units): MECH 200 and 201, or MECH 202 and approved two-course sequence or equivalent four-unit course in Applied Math.

Required Courses

- CENG 205, 206, and 207 Finite Element Methods I, II, and III (2 units each)
- MECH 275 Design for Competitiveness (2 units)
- MECH 285 Computer-Aided Design of Mechanisms (2 units)
- MECH 325 Computational Geometry for Computer-Aided Design and Manufacture (2 units)
- MECH 334 Elasticity (2 units)
- MECH 415 Optimization in Mechanical Design (2 units)

Recommended Courses

- MECH 207, 208, and 209 Advanced Mechatronics I, II, and III (3 units each)
- MECH 273 and 274 Designing with Plastic Materials and Processing Plastic Materials (2 units each)
- MECH 281 Fracture Mechanics and Fatigue I (2 units)
- MECH 330 Atomic Arrangement, Defects, and Mechanical Behavior (2 units)
- MECH 331 Phase Equilibria and Transformations (2 units)
- MECH 332 Electronic Structure and Properties (2 units)
- MECH 371 and 372 Space Systems Design and Engineering I and II (4 units each)

Culminating experience: Thesis (4–9 units) or MECH 275B.

#### Robotics and Mechatronic Systems

Advisor: Dr. Christopher Kitts

Math requirement (8 units): MECH 200 and 201, or MECH 202 and approved two-course sequence or equivalent four-unit course in Applied Math.

Required Courses

- MECH 207 and 208 Advanced Mechatronics I, II (3 units each)
- MECH 337 and 338 Robotics I, II (2 units each)

The student must also choose one of the following two-course sequences:

- MECH 218 and 219 Guidance and Control I, II (2 units each)
- MECH 323 and 324 Modern Control System I, II (2 units each)

Elective Courses (8 units required)

- MECH 209 Advanced Mechatronics III (2 units)
- MECH 218 Guidance and Control I (2 units)
- MECH 219 Guidance and Control II (2 units)
- MECH 275 Design for Competitiveness (2 units)
- MECH 311 Modeling and Control of Telerobotic Systems (4 units)
- MECH 315 Advanced Digital Control Systems I (2 units)
- MECH 316 Advanced Digital Control Systems II (2 units)
- MECH 323 Modern Control System Design I (2 units)
- MECH 324 Modern Control System Design II (2 units)
- MECH 329 Introduction to Intelligent Control (2 units)
- MECH 339 Robotics III (2 units)
- MECH 345 Modern Instrumentation and Experimentation (2 units)

Culminating experience: Thesis (4–9 units) or Capstone (4–6 units).

#### Thermofluids

Advisors: Dr. Drazen Fabris, Dr. Hohyun Lee, Dr. Godfrey Mungal , Dr. On Shun Pak

Required Courses

- MECH 228 Equilibrium Thermodynamics (2 units)
- MECH 236 Conduction Heat Transfer (2 units)
- MECH 238 Convective Heat and Mass Transfer I (2 units)
- MECH 240 Radiation Heat Transfer I (2 units)
- MECH 266 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics (2 units)
- MECH 270 Viscous Flow I (2 units)

Elective Courses (8 units required)

- MECH 225 Gas Dynamics I (2 units)
- MECH 226 Gas Dynamics II (2 units)
- MECH 230 Statistical Thermodynamics (2 units)
- MECH 239 Convective Heat and Mass Transfer II (2 units)
- MECH 241 Radiation Heat Transfer II (2 units)
- MECH 242 Nanoscale Heat Transfer (2 units)
- MECH 268 Computational Fluid Dynamics I (2 units)
- MECH 269 Computational Fluid Dynamics II (2 units)
- MECH 271 Viscous Flow II (2 units)
- MECH 288 Energy Conversion I (2 units)
- MECH 345 Modern Instrumentation and Control (2 units)

Culminating experience: Thesis (4–9 units), or MECH 345 and MECH 346.

### Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering

Advisors: Dr. Mohammad Ayoubi, Dr. Christopher Kitts

Required Core Courses (minimum 8 units)

- MECH 214, 215 Advanced Dynamics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 323, 324 Modern Control Systems I, II (4 units)
- MECH 250, 251, 252 Finite Element Methods I, II, III (6 units)
- MECH 266 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics (2 units)
- MECH 268, 269 Computational Fluid Mechanics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 270 Viscous Flow I (2 units)
- MECH 225, 226 Gas Dynamics I, II ( 4 units)
- MECH 209 Continuum Mechanics (2 units)
- MECH 334 Elasticity (2 units)

Required Aerospace Engineering Courses (minimum 12 units)

- MECH 220, 221 Orbital Mechanics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 205, 206 Aircraft Flight Dynamics and Control I, II (4 units)
- MECH 313 Aerospace Structures (4 units)
- MECH 371, 372 Space Systems Design and Engineering I (8 units)
- MECH 431, 432 Spacecraft Dynamics I, II (4 units)

Elective Courses (recommended)

- MECH 232, 233 Multibody Dynamics I, II (4 units)
- MECH 299 Thesis (4–9 units)
- MECH 315, 316 Digital Control Systems I, II (4 units)
- MECH 329 Introduction to Intelligent Control (2 units)
- MECH 355, 356 Adaptive Control I, II (4 units)
- MECH 371, 372 Space Systems Design and Engineering II (8 units)
- MECH 420/ELEN 238 Model Predictive Control (2 units)
- MECH 423, 424 Nonlinear Systems and Control I, II (4 units)
- MECH 429, 430 Optimal Control I and II (4 units)

## Doctor Of Philosophy Program

The Doctor of Philosophy degree is conferred by the School of Engineering in recognition of competence in the subject field and the ability to investigate engineering problems independently, resulting in a new contribution to knowledge in the field.

See the section on Academic Regulations for details on admission and general degree requirements. The following departmental information augments the general School requirements.

### Academic Advisor

A temporary academic advisor will be provided to the student upon admission. The student and advisor must meet prior to registration for the second quarter to complete a preliminary program of studies, which will be determined largely by the coursework needed for the preliminary exam.

### Preliminary Exam

A preliminary written exam is offered at least once per year by the School of Engineering as needed. The purpose is to ascertain the depth and breadth of the student’s preparation and suitability for Ph.D. work. Each student in mechanical engineering must take and pass an exam in mathematics as well as in four areas from the following list: Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, Strength of Materials, Dynamics, Design, Controls, Vibrations, Finite Element Analysis, Material Science, and Thermodynamics. The advisor must approve the student’s petition to take the exam. This exam should be taken within one year of starting the program.

### Doctoral Committee

After passing the Ph.D. preliminary exam, a student requests his or her thesis advisor to form a doctoral committee. The committee consists of at least five members, each of which must have earned a doctoral degree in a field of engineering or a related discipline. This includes the student’s thesis advisor, at least two other current faculty members of the student’s major department at Santa Clara University, and at least one current faculty member from another appropriate academic department at Santa Clara University. The committee reviews the student’s program of study, conducts an oral comprehensive exam, conducts the dissertation defense, and reviews the thesis. Successful completion of the doctoral program requires that the student’s program of study, performance on the oral comprehensive examination, dissertation defense, and thesis itself meet with the approval of all committee members.

### Time Limit for Completing Degree

All requirements for the doctoral degree must be completed within eight years following initial enrollment in the Ph.D. program. This includes leave of absence/withdraws. Extensions will be allowed only in unusual circumstances and must be recommended in writing by the student’s doctoral committee and approved by the dean of engineering in consultation with the Research Program Leadership Council.

## Engineer’s Degree Program

The Department of Mechanical Engineering offers an engineer’s degree program. Details on admissions and requirements are shown in the Academic Regulations section. Students interested in this program should seek individual advice from the department chair prior to applying.

## Certificate Programs

#### Controls

Objective

The Controls Certificate is intended for working engineers in mechanical and closely related fields of engineering. The certificate will provide a foundation in contemporary control theory and methods. The Controls Certificate covers classical and modern control systems and analysis. Specialization in digital control, mechatronics, robotics, or aerospace applications is possible with a suitable choice of electives. Completion of the certificate will allow the student to design and analyze modern control systems.

Admission

Applicants must have completed an accredited bachelor’s degree program in mechanical or a closely related field of engineering. They are expected to have prior coursework in undergraduate mathematics. No prior control courses are required.

Program Requirements

Students must complete a total of 16 units as described below, with a minimum GPA of 3.0 and a grade of C or better in each course.

Required Courses (8 units)

- MECH 217 Introduction to Control (2 units)
- MECH 218 Guidance and Control I (2 units)
- MECH 323 Modern Control Systems I (2 units)
- MECH 324 Modern Control Systems II (2 units)

Elective Courses (8 units)

- AMTH 245 Linear Algebra I (2 units)
- AMTH 246 Linear Algebra II (2 units)
- CENG 211 Advanced Strength of Materials (4 units)
- MECH 207 Advanced Mechatronics I (2 units)
- MECH 208 Advanced Mechatronics II (2 units)
- MECH 209 Advanced Mechatronics III (2 units)
- MECH 219 Guidance and Control II (2 units)
- MECH 329 Introduction to Intelligent Control (2 units)
- MECH 429, 430 Optimal Control I, II (2 units each)
- MECH 355, 356 Adaptive Control I, II (2 units each)

#### Dynamics and Vibrations

Objective

The Dynamics and Vibrations Certificate is intended for working engineers in mechanical and related fields of engineering. The certificate will provide a fundamental and broad background in engineering dynamics. The Dynamics and Vibrations Certificate includes a strong foundational base in dynamics and applications in optimization, robotics, mechatronics, or dynamics of aircraft or spacecraft (depending on the chosen elective courses). Completion of the certificate will allow the student to formulate and solve the complex dynamics problems that arise in such fields as robotics and space flight.

Admission

Applicants must have completed an accredited bachelor’s degree program in mechanical or a closely related field of engineering. They are expected to have prior coursework in undergraduate dynamics and mathematics.

Program Requirements

Students must complete a total of 16 units as described below, with a minimum GPA of 3.0 and a grade of C or better in each course.

Required Courses (16 units)

- MECH 214, 215 Advanced Dynamics I, II (2 units each)
- MECH 305, 306 Advanced Vibrations I, II (2 units each)

Elective Courses

- MECH 205, 206 Aircraft Flight Dynamics I, II (2 units each)
- MECH 431, 432 Spacecraft Dynamics I, II (2 units each)

#### Materials Engineering

Objective

The Materials Engineering Certificate is intended for working engineers in mechanical, materials or manufacturing engineering. The certificate will provide either an upgrade in materials understanding, or advanced study in a particular aspect of the subject. Completion of the certificate will allow the student to develop a deeper understanding of materials and their applications in design and manufacturing.

Admission

Applicants must have completed an accredited bachelor’s degree program in mechanical or a related engineering discipline. They are expected to have prior coursework in basic materials science and strength of materials.

Program Requirements

Students must complete a total of 16 units as described below, with a minimum GPA of 3.0 and a grade of C or better in each course.

Required Courses (12 units)

- MECH 281 Fracture Mechanics and Fatigue (2 units)
- MECH 330 Atomic Arrangements, Defects, and Mechanical Behavior (2 units)
- MECH 331 Phase Equilibria and Transformations (2 units)
- MECH 332 Electronic Structure and Properties (2 units)
- MECH 333 Experiments in Materials Science (2 units)
- MECH 345 Modern Instrumentation and Control (2 units)

Elective Courses (4 units)

AMTH 210 Introduction to Probability I and AMTH 211 Continuous Probability (2 units each)

AMTH 217 Design of Scientific Experiments and AMTH 219 Analysis of Scientific Experiments (2 units each)

- CENG 211 Advanced Strength of Materials (4 units)
- ENGR 260 Nanoscale Science and Technology (2 units)
- ENGR 262 Nanomaterials (2 units)
- MECH 273 Designing with Plastic Materials (2 units)
- MECH 274 Processing Plastic Materials (2 units)
- MECH 277 Injection Mold Tool Design (2 units)
- MECH 334 Elasticity (2 units)
- MECH 350 and 351 Composite Materials I and II (2 units each)

#### Mechanical Design Analysis

Objective

The Mechanical Design Analysis Certificate is intended for working engineers in mechanical or structural engineering. The certificate will provide a succinct upgrade in knowledge and skills that will allow the student to gain a deeper understanding of CAD and FEA principles and practices. Completion of the certificate will allow the student to pursue more advanced design and analysis tasks.

Admission

Applicants must have completed an accredited bachelor’s degree program in mechanical, civil, aerospace, or a related field. They are expected to have prior coursework in strength of materials, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and mathematics through differential equations.

Program Requirements

Required Courses (12 units)

- CENG 205 Finite Element Methods I (2 units)
- CENG 206 Finite Element Methods II (2 units)
- CENG 207 Finite Element Methods III (2 units)
- MECH 325 Computational Geometry for Computer-Aided (2 units)

Design and Manufacture (2 units)

- MECH 334 Elasticity (2 units)
- MECH 415 Optimization in Mechanical Design (2 units)

Elective Courses (4 units)

- AMTH 220 Numerical Analysis I (2 units)
- AMTH 221 Numerical Analysis II (2 units)
- AMTH 308 Mathematical Modeling I (2 units)
- AMTH 309 Mathematical Modeling II (2 units)
- AMTH 370 Optimization Techniques I (2 units)
- AMTH 371 Optimization Techniques II (2 units)
- CENG 211 Advanced Strength of Materials (4 units)
- CENG 214 Theory of Elasticity (4 units)
- CENG 222 Advanced Structural Analysis (4 units)
- MECH 268 Computational Fluid Mechanics I (2 units)
- MECH 269 Computational Fluid Mechanics II (2 units)

#### Mechatronics Systems Engineering

Objective

The Mechatronics Systems Engineering Certificate is intended for working engineers in mechanical engineering and related fields. The certificate program introduces students to the primary technologies, analysis techniques, and implementation methodologies relevant to the detailed design of electro-mechanical devices. Completion of the certificate will allow the student to develop systems that involve the sensing, actuation, and control of the physical world. Knowledge such as this is vital to engineers in the modern aerospace, robotics, and motion control industries.

Admission

Applicants must have completed an accredited bachelor’s degree program in mechanical, aerospace, electrical, engineering physics, or a related field. They are expected to have prior coursework in mathematics through differential equations, introductory linear control theory, and introductory electronics and programming.

Program Requirements

Required Courses (8 units)

- MECH 207 Advanced Mechatronics I (3 units)
- MECH 208 Advanced Mechatronics II (3 units)
- MECH 209 Advanced Mechatronics III (3 units)
- MECH 217 Introduction to Control (2 units)

Elective Courses (8 units)

- MECH 218 Guidance and Control I (2 units)
- MECH 219 Guidance and Control II (2 units)
- MECH 275 Design for Competitiveness (2 units)
- MECH 310 Advanced Mechatronics IV (2 units)
- MECH 311 Modeling and Control of Telerobotic Systems (4 units)
- MECH 316 Digital Control Systems II (2 units)
- MECH 323 Modern Control Systems I (2 units)
- MECH 324 Modern Control Systems II (2 units)
- MECH 329 Intelligent Control (2 units)
- MECH 337 Robotics I (2 units)
- MECH 338 Robotics II (2 units)
- MECH 339 Robotics III (2 units)
- MECH 345 Modern Instrumentation (2 units)

An independent study or Capstone project would be suitable as one of the electives. In addition, other courses may serve as electives at the discretion of the program advisor.

#### Thermofluids

Objective

The Thermofluids Certificate is intended for working engineers in mechanical, chemical, or a closely related field of engineering. The certificate will provide fundamental theoretical and analytic background, as well as exposure to modern topics and applications. Specialization in fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, or heat transfer is possible with a suitable choice of electives. Completion of the certificate will allow the student to design heat transfer and fluid solutions for a range of modern applications.

Admission

Applicants must have completed an accredited bachelor’s degree program in mechanical or a closely related field of engineering. They are expected to have prior undergraduate coursework in fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and heat transfer.

Program Requirements

Required Courses (12 units)

- MECH 228 Equilibrium Thermodynamics (2 units)
- MECH 236 Conduction Heat Transfer (2 units)
- MECH 238 Convective Heat Transfer I (2 units)
- MECH 240 Radiation Heat Transfer I (2 units)
- MECH 266 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics (2 units)
- MECH 270 Viscous Flow I (2 units)

Elective Courses (4 units)

- MECH 202 Mathematical Methods in Mechanical Engineering (4 units)
- MECH 225 Gas Dynamics I (2 units)
- MECH 226 Gas Dynamics II (2 units)
- MECH 230 Statistical Thermodynamics (2 units)
- MECH 239 Convective Heat Transfer II (2 units)
- MECH 241 Radiation Heat Transfer II (2 units)
- MECH 242 Nanoscale Heat Transfer (2 units)
- MECH 268 Computational Fluid Mechanics I (2 units)
- MECH 269 Computational Fluid Mechanics II (2 units)
- MECH 271 Viscous Flow II (2 units)
- MECH 288 Energy Conversion I (2 units)
- MECH 289 Energy Conversion II (2 units)
- MECH 345 Modern Instrumentation (2 units)

## Mechanical Engineering Laboratories

The mechanical engineering laboratories contain facilities for instruction and research in the fields of manufacturing, materials science, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, combustion, instrumentation, vibration and control systems, and robotic systems.

The **Robotic Systems Laboratory** is an interdisciplinary laboratory specializing in the design, control, and teleoperation of highly capable robotic systems for scientific discovery, technology validation, and engineering education. Laboratory students develop and operate systems that include spacecraft, underwater robots, aircraft, and land rovers. These projects serve as ideal testbeds for learning and conducting research in mechatronic system design, guidance and navigation, command and control systems, and human-machine interfaces.

The **2013 Solar Decathlon House** is a highly instrumented testbed for study of photovoltaic and solar thermal systems, as well as general home control systems. Projects include development of a carbon meter, investigation of the impact of micro-inverters on performance, and control of a solar thermal-driven vapor absorption chiller.

The **Micro Scale Heat Transfer Laboratory (MSHTL)** develops state-of-the-art experimentation in processes such as micro-boiling, spray cooling, and laser-induced fluorescence thermometry. Today, trends indicate that these processes are finding interesting applications in drop-on-demand delivery systems, ink-jet technology, and fast transient systems (such as combustion or microseconds scale boiling).

The **CAM and Prototyping Laboratory** consists of two machine shops and a prototyping area. One machine shop is dedicated to student use for University-directed design and research projects. The second is a teaching lab used for undergraduate and graduate instruction. Both are equipped with modern machine tools, such as lathes and milling machines. The milling machines all have two-axis computer numerically controlled (CNC) capability. The teaching lab also houses both a three-axis CNC vertical milling center (VMC) and a CNC lathe. Commercial CAM software is available to aid programming of the computer controlled equipment. The prototyping area is equipped with a rapid prototyping system that utilizes fused deposition modeling (FDM) to create plastic prototypes from CAD-generated models. Also featured in this area is a Laser CAMM CNC laser cutting system for nonmetallic materials.

The **Fluid Dynamics/Thermal Science Laboratory** contains equipment to illustrate the principles of fluid flow and heat transfer and to familiarize students with hydraulic machines, refrigeration cycles, and their instrumentation. The lab also contains a subsonic wind tunnel equipped with an axial flow fan with adjustable pitch blades to study aerodynamics. Research tools include modern, non intrusive flow measurement systems.

The **Heat Transfer Laboratory** contains equipment to describe three modes of heat transfer. The temperature measurement of the extended surface system allows students to learn steady state conduction, and the pyrometer enables measurement of emitted power by radiation. The training systems for heat exchanger and refrigeration system are also placed in the lab.

The **Instrumentation Laboratory** contains seven computer stations equipped with state-of-the-art, PC-based data acquisition hardware and software systems. A variety of transducers and test experiments for making mechanical, thermal, and fluid measurements are part of this lab.

The **Materials Laboratory** contains equipment for metallography and optical examination of the microstructure of materials as well as instruments for mechanical properties characterization including tension, compression, hardness, and impact testing. The Materials Laboratory also has a tube furnace for heat treating and a specialized bell-jar furnace for pour casting and suction casting of metallic glasses and novel alloy compositions.

The **Vibrations and Control Systems Laboratory** is equipped with two flexible test systems. One is capable of single or multi-degree of freedom modes, free or forced motion, and adjustable damping. The other is an inverted pendulum. Both systems can be controlled by a wide variety of control algorithms and are fully computer connected for data acquisition and control.

## Course Descriptions

### Lower-Division Undergraduate Courses

#### MECH 10. Graphical Communication in Design

Introduction to the design process and graphical communications tools used by engineers. Documentation of design through freehand sketching and engineering drawings. Basic descriptive geometry. Computer-aided design as a design tool. Conceptual design projects presented in poster format. Co-requisite: MECH 10L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 10L. Graphical Communication in Design

Laboratory for MECH 10. Co-requisite: MECH 10.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 11. Materials and Manufacturing Processes

The principles of manufacturing processes as related to materials properties, design, and production. A review of structures, properties, and manufacturing processes for main groups of engineering materials including metals and metallic alloys, polymers, and ceramics. Prerequisite: MECH 15.

(4 units)

#### MECH 15. Introduction to Materials Science

Physical basis of the electrical, mechanical, optical, and thermal behavior of solids. Relations between atomic structure and physical properties. Prerequisite: CHEM 11. Co-requisite: MECH 15L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 15L. Introduction to Material Science Lab

Laboratory for MECH 15. Co-requisite: MECH 15.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 45: Applied Programming in MATLAB

Computer programming in MATLAB, including: use of the development environment, m-files, and debugging; data structures; flow control, including loops, vectorization, and conditional statements; functions and variable scope; file input and output; plotting and visualization; selected topics in object-oriented programming. Applications to engineering problems including linear algebra and differential equations. Prerequisite: MATH 13. Co-requisite: MECH 45L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 45L: Applies Programming in MATLAB Lab

Laboratory for MECH 45. Co-requisite: MECH 45

(1 unit)

### Upper-Division Undergraduate Courses

#### MECH 101L. Machining Lab

Practical experience with machine tools such as mills, lathes, band saws, etc. Basic training in the safe and proper use of the equipment associated with simple mechanical projects. Laboratory. P/NP grading. Prerequisite: Senior standing. Co-requisite: MECH 194.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 102. Introduction to Mathematical Methods in Mechanical Engineering

The application of mathematical methods to the solution of practical engineering problems. A review of fundamental mathematical methods and calculus of a single variable, multivariable calculus, ordinary differential equations, numerical methods, and basics of linear algebra.

(4 units)

#### MECH 114. Machine Design I

Analysis and design of mechanical systems for safe operation. Stress and deflection analysis. Failure theories for static loading and fatigue failure criteria. Team design projects started. Formal, conceptual design reports required. Prerequisites: MECH 15, CENG 41, and CENG 43.

(4 units)

#### MECH 115. Machine Design II

Continuation of MECH 114. Treatment of basic machine elements (e.g., bolts, springs, gears, bearings). Design and analysis of machine elements for static and fatigue loading. Team design projects completed. Design prototypes and formal final report required. Prerequisite: MECH 114.

(4 units)

#### MECH 120. Engineering Mathematics

Review of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and Laplace transform, vector calculus, linear algebra, orthogonal functions and Fourier series, partial differential equations (PDEs), and introduction to numerical solution of ODEs.

(4 units)

#### MECH 121. Thermodynamics

Definitions of work, heat, and energy. First and second laws of thermodynamics. Properties of pure substances. Application to fixed mass systems and control volumes. Irreversibility and availability. Prerequisite: PHYS 32.

(4 units)

#### MECH 122. Fluid Mechanics

Fluid properties and definitions. Fluid statics, forces on submerged surfaces, manometry. Streamlines and the description of flow fields. Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations. Mass, momentum, and energy analysis with a control volume. Laminar and turbulent flows. Losses in pipes and ducts. Dimensional analysis and similitude. Prerequisite: CENG 42 or MECH 140 (can be taken concurrently). Co-requisite: MECH 122L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 122L. Laboratory for MECH 122

Laboratory for MECH 122. Co-requisite: MECH 122 Co-requisite: MECH 122.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 123. Heat Transfer

Introduction to the concepts of conduction, convection, and radiation heat transfer. Application of these concepts to engineering problems. Prerequisites: MECH 121 and 122, AMTH 118 or MATH 166. Co-requisite: MECH 123L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 123L. Laboratory for MECH 123

Laboratory work to understand the concept of heat transfer. Practical experience with temperature and heat flux measurement. Co-requisite: MECH 123.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 125. Thermal Systems Design

Analysis, design, and simulation of fluids and thermal engineering systems. Application of optimization techniques, life cycle and sustainability concepts in these systems. Prerequisite: MECH 123.

(4 units)

#### MECH 131. Thermal Systems Design

Thermodynamic potential and availability, advanced power and refrigeration cycles, mixtures and reactions, chemical equilibrium, dvanced power and refrigeration cycles with non-reacting or reacting air/vapor mixture. Prerequisite: MECH 123.

(4 units)

#### MECH 132. Aerodynamics

Introduction to gas dynamics. Concepts of lift and drag. Mechanics of laminar and turbulent flow. Introduction to boundary-layer theory. Application to selected topics in lubrication theory, aerodynamics, turbo-machinery, and pipe networks. Offered every other year. Prerequisites: MECH 121 and 122.

(4 units)

#### MECH 140. Dynamics

Kinematics of particles in rectilinear and curvilinear motion. Kinetics of particles, Newton’s second law, energy and momentum methods. Systems of particles. Kinematics and plane motion of rigid bodies, forces and accelerations, energy and momentum methods. Introduction to three-dimensional dynamics of rigid bodies. Prerequisites: PHYS 31, CENG 41, AMTH 106, and MECH 10.

(4 units)

#### MECH 141. Mechanical Vibrations

Fundamentals of vibration, free and forced vibration of (undamped/damped) single degree of freedom systems. Vibration under general forcing conditions. Free and forced vibration of (undamped/damped) two degree of freedom systems. Free and forced vibration of (undamped/damped) multidegree of freedom systems. Determination of natural frequencies and mode shapes. Prerequisites: MECH 140 and AMTH 106. Co-requisite: MECH 141L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 141L. Laboratory for MECH 141

Laboratory for MECH 141. Co-requisite: MECH 141.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 142. Control Systems, Analysis, and Design

Introduction to system theory, transfer functions, and state space modeling of physical systems. Course topics include stability, analysis and design of PID, lead/lag, other forms of controllers in time and frequency domains, root locus Bode diagrams, gain and phase margins. Prerequisite: MECH 141. Co-requisite: MECH 142L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 142L. Laboratory for MECH 142

Employs the use of simulation and experimental exercises that allow the student to explore the design and performance of feedback control systems. Exercises include the modeling and analysis of physical systems, the design of feedback controllers, and the quantitative characterization of the performance of the resulting closed-loop systems. Co-requisite: MECH 142.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 143. Mechatronics

Introduction to behavior, design, and integration of electro-mechanical components and systems. Review of appropriate electronic components/circuitry, mechanism configurations, and programming constructs. Use and integration of transducers, microcontrollers, and actuators. Also listed as ELEN 123. Prerequisite: ELEN 50. Co-requisite: MECH 143L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 143L. Laboratory for MECH 143

Co-requisite MECH 143.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 144. Smart Product Design

Design of innovative smart electromechanical devices and products. Topics include a review of the basics of mechanical, electrical, and software design and prototyping, and will emphasize the synthesis of functional systems that solve a customer need, that are developed in a team-based environment, and that are informed by the use of methodologies from the fields of systems engineering, concurrent design, and project/business management. Designs will be developed in the context of a cost-constrained business environment, and principles of accounting, marketing, and supply chain are addressed. Societal impacts of technical products and services are reviewed. Enrollment is controlled in order to have a class with students from diverse majors. Offered every other year. Prerequisites: Core Foundation-level natural science and mathematics, or equivalent and instructor approval.

(4 units)

#### MECH 144L. Laboratory for MECH 144

Co-requisite: MECH 144.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 145. Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Basic design and analysis of atmospheric flight vehicles. Principles of aerodynamics, propulsion, structures and materials, flight dynamics, stability and control, mission analysis, and performance estimation. Introduction to orbital dynamics. Offered every other year. Prerequisites: MECH 122 and 140. Co-requisite: MECH 121.

(4 units)

#### MECH 146. Mechanism Design

Kinematic analysis and synthesis of planar mechanisms. Graphical synthesis of linkages and cams. Graphical and analytical techniques for the displacement, velocity, and acceleration analysis of mechanisms. Computer-aided design of mechanisms. Three or four individual mechanism design projects. Offered every other year. Prerequisite: MECH 114.

(4 units)

#### MECH 151. Finite Element Theory and Applications

Basic introduction to finite elements; direct and variational basis for the governing equations; elements and interpolating functions. Applications to general field problems—elasticity, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Extensive use of software packages. Offered every other year. Prerequisites: COEN 44 or 45 and AMTH 106.

(4 units)

#### MECH 152. Composite Materials

Analysis of composite materials and structures. Calculation of properties and failure of composite laminates. Manufacturing considerations and design of simple composite structures. Knowledge of MATLAB or equivalent programming environment is required. Prerequisites: MECH 15, CENG 43, and COEN 44 or COEN 45. (4 units)

#### MECH 153. Aerospace Structures

This introductory course presents the application of fundamental theories of elasticity and stress analysis to aerospace structures. Course topics include fundamentals of elasticity, virtual work and matrix methods, bending and buckling of thin plates, component load analysis, and airframe loads, torsion, shear, and bending of thin-walled sections. Prerequisites: CENG 43 and 43L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 155. Astrodynamics

This course provides the foundations of basic gravitation and orbital theory. Topics include gravitation and the two-body problem, position and time, orbit determination, Laplace and Gibbs methods, basic orbital maneuvers, lunar trajectories, and rocket dynamics. Prerequisite: MECH 140.

(4 units)

#### MECH 156. Introduction to Nanotechnology

Introduction to the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Properties of nanomaterials and devices. Nanoelectronics: from silicon and beyond. Measurements of nanosystems. Applications and implications. Laboratory experience is an integral part of the course. This course is part of the Mechanical Engineering Program and should be suitable for juniors and seniors in engineering and first-year graduate students. Also listed as ELEN 156. Prerequisites: PHYS 33 and either PHYS 34 or MECH 15. Co-requisite: MECH 156L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 156L. Laboratory for MECH 156

Co-requisite: MECH 156.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 158. Aerospace Propulsion Systems

Fundamentals of air breathing and rocket jet propulsion. Gas dynamics fundamentals, review of thermodynamic relation. Basic theory of aircraft gas turbine engines, propulsive efficiency, and application of Brayton cycle to gas turbine engine analysis. Rocket engine nozzle configuration and design. Thrust Equation. Chemical rocket engine fundamentals. Solid vs. liquid propellant rockets. Prerequisites: MECH 121, and 122.

(4 units)

#### MECH 160. Modern Instrumentation for Engineers

Introduction to engineering instrumentation, computer data acquisition hardware and software, sampling theory, statistics, and error analysis. Laboratory work spans the disciplines of mechanical engineering: dynamics, fluids, heat transfer, controls, with an emphasis on report writing and experimental design. Prerequisites: MECH 123 and 141. Co-requisite: MECH 160L.

(4 units)

#### MECH 160L. Laboratory for MECH 160

Laboratory work spans the disciplines of mechanical engineering: dynamics, controls, fluids, heat transfer, and thermodynamics, with emphasis on report writing. Students will design their own experiment and learn how to set up instrumentation using computer data acquisition hardware and software. Co-requisite: MECH 160.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 179. Satellite Operations Laboratory

This laboratory course reviews the physical principles and control techniques appropriate to communicating with, commanding, and monitoring spacecraft. Students learn to operate real satellite tracking, commanding, and telemetry systems and to perform spacecraft-specific operations using approved procedures. Given the operational status of the system, students may conduct these operations on orbiting NASA spacecraft and interact with NASA scientists and engineers as part of the operations process. Prerequisite: Instructor approval.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 188. Co-op Education

Practical experience in a planned program designed to give students work experience related to their academic field of study and career objectives. Satisfactory completion of the assignment includes preparation of a summary report on co-op activities. P/NP grading. May be taken for graduate credit.

(2 units)

#### MECH 189. Co-op Technical Report

Credit is given for a technical report on a specific activity such as a design or research project, etc., after completing the co-op assignment. Approval of department co-op advisor required. Letter grades based on content and presentation quality of the report. May be taken twice. May be taken for graduate credit. Prerequisite: MECH 188.

(2 units)

#### MECH 191. Senior Design Manufacturing

Laboratory course that provides supervised evening access to the machine shop and/or light fabrication area for qualified mechanical engineering students to work on their University-directed projects. Students wishing to utilize the machine shop or light fabrication area during the evening lab/shop hours are required to enroll. Enrollment in any section allows students to attend any/all evening shop hours on a drop-in basis. Staff or faculty will be present during each scheduled meeting to supervise as well as be available for consultation and manufacturing advising. P/NP Grading. Prerequisites: Students must be qualified for machine shop use through successful completion of MECH 101L and a passing grade on the Mechanical Engineering Lab Safety Test. Qualifications for light fabrication area use: successful completion of the Light Fabrication Training Seminar and a passing grade on the Mechanical Engineering Lab Safety Test.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 194. Advanced Design I: Tools

Design tools essential to all aspects of mechanical engineering, including design methodology, computer-design tools, CAD, finite element method, simulation, engineering economics, and decision making. Senior design projects have begun. Prerequisite: MECH 115.

(3 units)

#### MECH 195. Advanced Design II: Implementation

Implementation of design strategy. Detail design and fabrication of senior design projects. Quality control, testing and evaluation, standards and specifications, and human factors. Prerequisite: MECH 194.

(4 units)

#### MECH 196. Advanced Design III: Completion and Evaluation

Design projects completed, assembled, tested, evaluated, and judged with opportunities for detailed re-evaluation by the designers. Formal public presentation of results. Final written report required. Prerequisite: MECH 195.

(3 units)

#### MECH 198. Individual Study

By arrangement with faculty.

(1–5 units)

#### MECH 199. Directed Research/Reading

Investigation of an engineering problem and writing an acceptable thesis. Conferences as required. Prerequisite: Senior standing.

(2–4 units)

### Graduate Courses

#### MECH 200. Advanced Engineering Mathematics I

Method of solution of the first, second, and higher order differential equations (ODEs). Integral transforms including Laplace transforms, Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Cross-listed with AMTH 200. Prerequisite: AMTH 106 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 201. Advanced Engineering Mathematics II

Method of solution of partial differential equations (PDEs) including separation of variables, Fourier series, and Laplace transforms. Introduction to calculus of variations. Selected topics from vector analysis and linear algebra. Cross-listed with AMTH 201. Prerequisite: AMTH/MECH 200.

(2 units)

#### MECH 202. Advanced Engineering Mathematics I and II

Method of solution of the first, second, and higher order ordinary differential equations, Laplace transforms, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, method of solution of partial differential equations including separation of variables, Fourier series, and Laplace transforms. Selected topics from vector analysis, linear algebra, and calculus of variations. Also listed as AMTH 202.

(4 units)

#### MECH 205. Aircraft Flight Dynamics I

Review of basic aerodynamics and propulsion. Aircraft performance, including equations of flight in vertical plane, gliding, level, and climbing flight, range and endurance, turning flight, takeoff and landing. Prerequisite: MECH 140.

(2 units)

#### MECH 206. Aircraft Flight Dynamics II

Developing a nonlinear six-degrees-of-freedom aircraft model, longitudinal and lateral static stability and trim, linearized longitudinal dynamics including short period and phugoid modes. Linearized lateral-directional dynamics including roll, spiral, and Dutch roll modes. Aircraft handling qualities and introduction to flight control systems. Prerequisite: MECH 140 or MECH 205.

(2 units)

#### MECH 207. Advanced Mechatronics I

Theory of operation, analysis, and implementation of fundamental physical and electrical device components: basic circuit elements, transistors, op-amps, sensors, electro-mechanical actuators. Application to the development of simple devices. Also listed as ELEN 460. Prerequisite: MECH 141 or ELEN 100.

(3 units)

#### MECH 208. Advanced Mechatronics II

Theory of operation, analysis, and implementation of fundamental controller implementations: analog computers, digital state machines, microcontrollers. Application to the development of closed-loop control systems. Also listed as ELEN 461. Prerequisites: MECH 207 and 217.

(3 units)

#### MECH 209. Advanced Mechatronics III

Electro-mechanical modeling and system development. Introduction to mechatronic support subsystems: power, communications. Fabrication techniques. Functional implementation of hybrid systems involving dynamic control and command logic. Also listed as ELEN 462. Prerequisite: MECH 208.

(2 units)

#### MECH 214. Advanced Dynamics I

Partial differentiation of vector functions in a reference frame. Configuration constraints. Generalized speeds. Motion constraints. Partial angular velocities and partial linear velocities. Inertia scalars, vectors, matrices, and dyadics; principal moments of inertia. Prerequisites: MECH 140 and AMTH 106.

(2 units)

#### MECH 215. Advanced Dynamics II

Generalized active forces. Contributing and noncontributing interaction forces. Generalized inertia forces. Relationship between generalized active forces and potential energy; generalized inertia forces and kinetic energy. Prerequisite: MECH 214.

(2 units)

#### MECH 217. Introduction to Control

Laplace transforms, block diagrams, modeling of control system components and kinematics and dynamics of control systems, and compensation. Frequency domain techniques, such as root-locus, gain-phase, Nyquist and Nichols diagrams used to analyze control systems applications. Prerequisite: AMTH 106.

(2 units)

#### MECH 218. Guidance and Control I

Modern and classical concepts for synthesis and analysis of guidance and control systems. Frequency and time domain methods for both continuous-time and sampled data systems. Compensation techniques for continuous-time and discrete-time control systems. Prerequisite: MECH 217, 142, or instructor approval.

(2 units)

#### MECH 219. Guidance and Control II

Continuation of MECH 218. Design and synthesis of digital and continuous-time control systems. Nonlinear control system design using phase plane and describing functions. Relay and modulator controllers. Prerequisite: MECH 218.

(2 units)

#### MECH 220. Orbital Mechanics I

This course provides the foundations of basic gravitation and orbital theory. Topics include the two-body problem, three-body problem, Lagrangian points, orbital position as a function of time, orbits in space and classical orbital elements, launch window, and calculating launch velocity. Prerequisites: MECH 140 or equivalent and AMTH 118 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 221. Orbital Mechanics II

Continuation of MECH 220. Rocket dynamics and performance, orbital maneuvers, preliminary orbit determination including Gibbs and Gauss methods, Lambert’s problem, relative motion and Clohessy-Wiltshire equations, and interplanetary flight. Prerequisite: MECH 220.

(2 units)

#### MECH 225. Gas Dynamics I

Flow of compressible fluids. One-dimensional isentropic flow, normal shock waves, frictional flow. Prerequisites: MECH 121 and 132.

(2 units)

#### MECH 226. Gas Dynamics II

Continuation of MECH 225. Flow with heat interaction and generalized one-dimensional flow. Oblique shock waves and unsteady wave motion. Prerequisite: MECH 225.

(2 units)

#### MECH 227. Aerospace Propulsion

Advanced topics in air breathing and rocket jet propulsion. Analysis and design of ideal and real turbojets, shock wave formation in ramjets, chemistry of combustion in liquid rocket engines, design of rocket engine thrust chambers, method of characteristics for computing shock waves in over and under expanded rocket nozzles, solid and hybrid rocket engines, and electric/ion spacecraft propulsion. Some review of gas dynamics fundamentals, chemical and thermodynamic theory applicable to jet propulsion. Prerequisites: MECH 121, MECH 122, MECH 145, and MECH 158.

(2 units)

#### MECH 228. Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Principles of thermodynamic equilibrium. Equations of state, thermodynamic potentials, phase transitions, and thermodynamic stability. Prerequisite: MECH 131 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 230. Statistical Thermodynamics

Kinetic theory of gases. Maxwell-Boltzmann distributions, thermodynamic properties in terms of partition functions, quantum statistics, and applications. Prerequisites: AMTH 106 and MECH 121.

(2 units)

#### MECH 232. Multibody Dynamics I

Kinematics (angular velocity, differentiation in two reference frames, velocity and acceleration of two points fixed on a rigid body and one point moving on a rigid body, generalized coordinates and generalized speeds, basis transformation matrices in terms of Euler angles and quaternions), Newton-Euler equations, kinetic energy, partial angular velocities and partial velocities, Lagrange’s equation, generalized active and inertia forces, Kane’s equation and its operational superiority in formulating equations of motion for a system of particles and hinge-connected rigid bodies in a topological tree. Prerequisite: MECH 140 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 233. Multibody Dynamics II

Linearization of dynamical equations, application to Kane’s formulation of the equations of motion of beams and plates undergoing large rotation with small deformation, dynamics of an arbitrary elastic body in large overall motion with small deformation and motion-induced stiffness, computationally efficient, recursive formulation of the equations of motion of a system of hinge-connected flexible bodies, component elastic mode selection, recursive formulation for a system of flexible bodies with structural loops, variable mass flexible rocket dynamics, modeling large elastic deformation with large reference frame motion. Prerequisite: MECH 232.

(2 units)

#### MECH 234. Combustion Technology

Theory of combustion processes. Reaction kinetics, flame propagation theories. Emphasis on factors influencing pollution. Prerequisites: AMTH 106 and MECH 131.

(2 units)

#### MECH 236. Conduction Heat Transfer

Flow of heat through solid and porous media for steady and transient conditions. Consideration of stationary and moving heat sources. Prerequisites: AMTH 106 and MECH 123.

(2 units)

#### MECH 238. Convective Heat and Mass Transfer I

Solutions of basic problems in convective heat and mass transfer, including boundary layers and flow in pipes. Prerequisites: MECH 123 and 266.

(2 units)

#### MECH 239. Convective Heat and Mass Transfer II

Application of transfer theory to reacting boundary layers, ablating and reacting surfaces, multicomponent diffusion. Introduction of modern turbulence theory to predict fluctuations and other flow properties. Prerequisite: MECH 238.

(2 units)

#### MECH 240. Radiation Heat Transfer I

Introduction to concepts of quantum mechanics, black body behavior, and radiant heat exchange between bodies. Prerequisite: MECH 123.

(2 units)

#### MECH 241. Radiation Heat Transfer II

Treatment of gaseous radiation in enclosures. Solutions of transfer equation in various limits and for different molecular radiation models. Gray and nongray applications. Mathematical techniques of solutions. Prerequisite: MECH 240.

(2 units)

#### MECH 242. Nanoscale Heat Transfer

Understand fundamental heat transfer mechanisms at nanoscale. Students will learn how thermal transport properties are defined at atomic level, and how properties can be engineered with nanotechnology. Both classical size effect and quantum size effect will be discussed. Topics include introduction to statistical thermodynamics, solid state physics, scattering of charge/energy carriers, Boltzamann Transport Equation with Relaxation Time Approximation, heat conduction in thin film structure. Prerequisite: MECH 123 or Undergraduate Heat Transfer.

(2 units)

#### MECH 250. Finite Element Methods I

Introduction to structural and stress analysis problems using the finite element method. Use of matrix methods, interpolation (shape) functions and variational methods. Formulation of global matrices from element matrices using direct stiffness approach. Development of element matrices for trusses, beams, 2D, axisymmetric and 3D problems. Theory for linear static problems and practical use of commercial FE codes. Also listed as CENG 205.

(2 units).

#### MECH 251. Finite Element Methods II

Isoparametric elements and higher order shape functions for stiffness and mass matrices using numerical integration. Plate and shell elements. Mesh refinement and error analysis. Linear transient thermal and structural problem using finite element approach. Eigenvalue/eigenvector analysis, frequency response and direct integration approaches for transient problems. Application of commercial FE codes. Also listed as CENG 206. Prerequisite: MECH 250.

(2 units)

#### MECH 252. Finite Element Methods III

Solution of nonlinear problems using finite element analysis. Methods for solving nonlinear matrix equations. Material, geometrical, boundary condition (contact) and other types of nonlinearities and application to solid mechanics. Transient nonlinear problems in thermal and fluid mechanics. Application of commercial FF codes to nonlinear analysis. Also listed as CENG 207. Prerequisite: MECH 251.

(2 units)

#### MECH 254. Introduction to Biomechanics

Overview of basic human anatomy, physiology, and anthropometry. Applications of mechanical engineering to the analysis of human motion, function, and injury. Review of issues related to designing devices for use in, or around, the human body including safety, biocompatibility, ethics, and FDA regulations. Offered every other year.

(4 units)

#### MECH 256. Clinical Biomaterials

The objective of this course is to convey the state-of-the-art of biomaterials currently used in medical devices. The course is taught as a series of semi-independent modules on each class of biomaterials, each with examples of medical applications. Students will explore the research, commercial and regulatory literature. In teams of 2 to 4, students will prepare and orally present a design study for a solution to a medical problem requiring one or more biomaterials, covering alternatives and selection criteria, manufacture and use of the proposed medical device, and economic, regulatory, legal and ethical aspects. Students should be familiar with or prepared to learn medical, anatomical and physiological terminology. Written assignments are an annotated bibliography on the topic of the design study and an individual-written section of the team’s report. Material from lectures and student presentations will be covered on a mid-term quiz and a final examination. Also listed as BIOE 178/BIOE 278.

(2 units)

#### MECH 266. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics

Mathematical formulation of the conservation laws and theorems applied to flow fields. Analytical solutions. The viscous boundary layer. Prerequisite: MECH 122.

(2 units)

#### MECH 268. Computational Fluid Mechanics I

Introduction to numerical solution of fluid flow. Application to general and simplified forms of the fluid dynamics equations. Discretization methods, numerical grid generation, and numerical algorithms based on finite difference techniques. Prerequisite: MECH 266.

(2 units)

#### MECH 269. Computational Fluid Mechanics II

Continuation of MECH 268. Generalized coordinate systems. Multidimensional compressible flow problems, turbulence modeling. Prerequisite: MECH 268.

(2 units)

#### MECH 270. Viscous Flow I

Derivation of the Navier-Stokes equations. The boundary layer approximations for high Reynolds number flow. Exact and approximate solutions of laminar flows. Prerequisite: MECH 266.

(2 units)

#### MECH 271. Viscous Flow II

Continuation of MECH 270. Similarity solutions of laminar flows. Separated flows. Fundamentals of turbulence. Introduction to numerical methods in fluid mechanics. Prerequisite: MECH 270.

(2 units)

#### MECH 275A. Design for Competitiveness

Overview of current design techniques aimed at improving global competitiveness. Design strategies and specific techniques. Group design projects in order to put these design ideas into simulated practice.

(2 units)

#### MECH 275B. Project Design Development

This course is a follow-up to MECH 275A and is focused on further developing product ideas from MECH 275A into physical prototypes, performing market analysis, honing business plans, and presenting these ideas to a panel of venture capitalists. Prerequisite: MECH 275A.

(2 units)

#### MECH 276. Design for Manufacturability

Design for manufacturability and its applications within the product design process. Survey of design for manufacturability as it relates to design process, quality, robust design, material and process selection, functionality, and usability. Students will participate in group and individual projects that explore design for manufacturability considerations in consumer products.

(2 units)

#### MECH 279. Introduction to CNC I

Introduction to Computer Numeric Control (CNC) machining. Principles of conventional and CNC machining. Process identification and practical application using conventional machine tools. Job planning logic and program development for CNC. Set-up and basic operation of CNC machine through “hands-on” exercises. Introduction to Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software, conversational programming, verification software, and file transfers. The class is lab intensive; the topics will be presented primarily by demonstration or student use of the equipment.

(3 units)

#### MECH 280. Introduction to CNC II

Builds on foundation provided by MECH 279. Emphasis on CNC programming. Overview of controllers, features of CNC machines, manual and computer-aided programming, G-code basics, advanced cycles and codes. Lab projects will consist of “hands-on” operation of CNC milling machines, programming tools, and verification software. Lab component. Prerequisite: MECH 279 or instructor approval.

(3 units)

#### MECH 281. Fracture Mechanics and Fatigue

Fracture mechanics evaluation of structures containing defects. Theoretical development of stress intensity factors. Fracture toughness testing. Relationships among stress, flaw size, and material toughness. Emphasis on design applications with examples from aerospace, nuclear, and structural components. Prerequisite: Instructor approval.

(2 units)

#### MECH 282. Failure Analysis

This course will examine how and why engineering structures fail, and will provide the student with the tools to identify failure mechanisms and perform a failure analysis. Students will review several case studies, and will conduct independent failure analysis investigations of actual engineering systems and parts using state-of-the-art-tools.

(2 units)

#### MECH 285. Computer-Aided Design of Mechanisms

Kinematic synthesis of mechanisms. Graphical and analytical mechanism synthesis techniques for motion generation, function generation, and path generation problems. Overview of various computer software packages available for mechanism design.

(2 units)

#### MECH 286. Introduction to Wind Energy Engineering

Introduction to renewable energy, history of wind energy, types and applications of various wind turbines, wind characteristics and resources, introduction to different parts of a wind turbine including the aerodynamics of propellers, mechanical systems, electrical and electronic systems, wind energy system economics, environmental aspects and impacts of wind turbines, and the future of wind energy. Also listed as ELEN 286.

(2 units)

#### MECH 287. Introduction to Alternative Energy Systems

Assessment of current and potential future energy systems; covering resources, extraction, conversion, and end-use. Emphasis on meeting regional and global energy needs in a sustainable manner. Different renewable and conventional energy technologies will be presented and their attributes described to evaluate and analyze energy technology systems. Also listed as ELEN 280.

(2 units)

#### MECH 288. Energy Conversion I

Introduction to nonconventional methods of power generation using solar energy, thermoelectric effect, and fuel cells. Description of the physical phenomena involved, analysis of device performance, and assessment of potential for future use. Prerequisite: MECH 121.

(2 units)

#### MECH 289. Energy Conversion II

Discussion of magnetohydrodynamic power generation, thermionic converters, and thermonuclear fusion. Note: MECH 288 is NOT a prerequisite.

(2 units)

#### MECH 290. Capstone Project

(2–6 units)

#### MECH 292. Theory and Design of Turbomachinery

Theory, operation, and elements of the design of turbomachinery that performs by the dynamic interaction of fluid stream with a bladed rotor. Emphasis on the design and efficient energy transfer between fluid stream and mechanical elements of turbomachines, including compressors, pumps, and turbines. Prerequisites: MECH 121 and 122.

(2 units)

#### MECH 293. Special Topics in Manufacturing and Materials

Topics vary each quarter.

(2 units)

#### MECH 294. Special Topics in Mechanical Design

Topics vary each quarter.

(2 units)

#### MECH 295. Special Topics in Thermofluid Sciences

Topics vary each quarter.

(2 units)

#### MECH 296A. Special Topics in Dynamics and Control

Topics vary each quarter.

(2 units)

#### MECH 296B. Special Topics in Dynamics and Control

Topics vary each quarter.

(4 units)

#### MECH 297. Seminar

Discrete lectures on current problems and progress in fields related to mechanical engineering. P/NP grading.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 298. Independent Study

By arrangement.

(1–6 units)

#### MECH 299. Master’s Thesis Research

By arrangement.

(1–9 units)

#### MECH 300. Directed Research

Research into topics of mechanical engineering; topics and credit to be determined by the instructor, report required, cannot be converted into Master or Ph.D. research. By arrangement. Prerequisites: instructor and department chair approval.

(1–6 units)

#### MECH 304. Design and Mechanics Problems in the Computer Industry

Design and mechanics problems related to computer peripherals. Dynamics of disk interface, stresses, and vibrations in rotating disks and flexible disks. Actuator design, impact, and nonimpact printing, materials and design for manufacturability, the role of CAD/CAM in design. Prerequisite: Instructor approval.

(2 units)

#### MECH 305. Advanced Vibrations I

Response of single and two-degrees-of-freedom systems to initial, periodic, nonperiodic excitations. Reviewing the elements of analytical dynamics, including the principle of virtual work, Hamilton’s principle and Lagrange’s equations. Response of multi-degree-of-freedom systems. Modeling and dynamic response of discrete vibrating elastic bodies. Analytical techniques for solving dynamic and vibration problems. Prerequisite: MECH 141.

(2 units)

#### MECH 306. Advanced Vibrations II

Vector-tensor-matrix formulation with practical applications to computer simulation. Dynamic response of continuous elastic systems. Strings, membranes, beams, and plates exposed to various dynamic loading. Applications to aero-elastic systems and mechanical systems. Modal analysis and finite element methods applied to vibrating systems. Prerequisite: MECH 305.

(2 units)

#### MECH 308. Thermal Control of Electronic Equipment

Heat transfer methods to cool electronic equipment. Contact resistance, cooling fins, immersion cooling, boiling, and direct air cooling. Use of heat exchangers, cold plates, and heat pipes. Applications involving transistor cooling, printed circuit boards, and microelectronics. Prerequisites: MECH 122 and 123.

(2 units)

#### MECH 310. Advanced Mechatronics IV

Application of mechatronics knowledge and skills to the development of an industry- or laboratory-sponsored mechatronics device/system. Systems engineering, concurrent design, and project management techniques. Performance assessment, verification, and validation. Advanced technical topics appropriate to the project may include robotic teleoperation, human-machine interfaces, multi-robot collaboration, and other advanced applications. Prerequisite: MECH 209.

(2 units)

#### MECH 311. Modeling and Control of Telerobotic Systems

Case studies of telerobotic devices and mission control architectures. Analysis and control techniques relevant to the remote operation of devices, vehicles, and facilities. Development of a significant research project involving modeling, simulation, or experimentation, and leading to the publication of results. Prerequisite: Instructor approval.

(4 units)

#### MECH 313. Aerospace Structures

Presents the fundamental theories of elasticity and stress analysis pertaining to aircraft and spacecraft structures. Course topics include aircraft/spacecraft structural elements, material selection, elasticity, torsion, shear, bending, thin-walled sections, failure criteria, buckling, fatigue, and an introduction to mechanics of composites.

(4 units)

#### MECH 315. Digital Control Systems I

Introduction to digital control systems design. Mini- and microcomputer application in industrial control. Analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters. Discrete time systems, state-space representation, stability. Digital control algorithms, optimal tuning of controller gains. Finite-time settling control. Controllability and observability of discrete-time systems. Prerequisite: MECH 142 or 217.

(2 units)

#### MECH 316. Digital Control Systems II

Continuation of MECH 315. Linear state vector feedback control, linear quadratic optimal control. State variable estimators, observers. System identification, model reference adaptive systems, pole-placement control. Minimum variance control, tracking, and regulation problems. Adaptive control. Prerequisite: MECH 315.

(2 units)

#### MECH 323. Modern Control Systems I

State space fundamentals, observer and controller canonical forms, controllability, observability, minimum realization, stability theory, stabilizability, and tracking problem of continuous systems. Prerequisite: MECH 142 or 217.

(2 units)

#### MECH 324. Modern Control Systems II

Shaping the dynamic response, pole placement, reduced-order observers, LQG/LTR, introduction to random process and Kalman filters. Prerequisite: MECH 323.

(2 units)

#### MECH 325. Computational Geometry for Computer-Aided Design and Manufacture

Analytic basis for description of points, curves, and surfaces in three-dimensional space. Generation of surfaces for numerically driven machine tools. Plane coordinate geometry, three-dimensional geometry and vector algebra, coordinate transformations, three-dimensional curve and surface geometry, and curve and surface design.

(2 units)

#### MECH 329. Introduction to Intelligent Control

Intelligent control, AI, and system science. Adaptive control and learning systems. Artificial neural networks and the Hopfield model. Supervised and unsupervised learning in neural networks. Fuzzy sets and fuzzy control. Also listed as ELEN 329. Prerequisite: MECH 324.

(2 units)

#### MECH 330. Atomic Arrangements, Defects, and Mechanical Behavior

Structure of crystalline and non-crystalline materials and the relationship between structure, defects, and mechanical properties. For all engineering disciplines.

(2 units)

#### MECH 331. Phase Equilibria and Transformations

Thermodynamics of multi-component systems and phase diagrams. Diffusion and phase transformations. For all engineering disciplines.

(2 units)

#### MECH 332. Electronic Structure and Properties

Band structure and electrical conductivity of metals, semiconductors, and insulators with applications to electronic devices such as the p-n junction and materials characterization techniques utilizing electron-solid interactions. For all engineering disciplines.

(2 units)

#### MECH 333A. Experiments in Materials Science

This course will focus on experimental techniques and data analysis for three experiments involving the characterization of metallic and polymeric systems in bulk and thin film form. Potential topics include tension testing of composite materials, nanoindentation, and scanning electron microscopy. Written laboratory reports will be assigned.

(2 units)

#### MECH 333B. Experimental Analysis in Materials Science

Experimental design and analysis for evaluating materials properties. In this course, students work in teams to design and implement experiments, record and interpret results and prepare a final report. Prerequisite: MECH 333A or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 334. Elasticity

Fundamentals of the theory of linear elasticity, formulation of boundary value problems, applications to torsion, plane strain, flexture, and bending of plates. Introduction to three-dimensional solutions. Prerequisite: MECH 330 or CENG 205.

(2 units)

#### MECH 335. Adaptive Control I

Overview of adaptive control, Lyapunov stability theory, direct and indirect model-reference adaptive control, least-squares system identification technique, neural network approximation, and neural-network adaptive control. Prerequisites: MECH 324, ELEN 237, and knowledge of Matlab/Simulink.

(2 units)

#### MECH 336. Adaptive Control II

Stability and robustness of adaptive controller, robust modification, bounded linear stability analysis, metrics-driven adaptive control, constraint-based optimal adaptive control, and advanced topics in adaptive control. Prerequisite: MECH 335 or instructor approval, ELEN 237.

(2 units)

#### MECH 337. Robotics I

Overview of robotic systems and applications. Components. Homogeneous transforms. Denavit-Hartenberg representation. Forward and inverse kinematics. Manipulator Jacobian. Singular configurations. Also listed as ELEN 337. Prerequisites: AMTH 245 and MECH 217.

(2 units)

#### MECH 338. Robotics II

Newton-Euler Dynamics. Trajectory planning. Linear manipulator control. Nonlinear manipulator control. Joint space control. Cartesian space control. Hybrid force/position control. Obstacle avoidance. Robotic simulation. Also listed as ELEN 338. Prerequisite: MECH 337.

(2 units)

#### MECH 339. Robotics III

Advanced topics: parallel manipulators, redundant manipulators, underactuated manipulators, coupled manipulator/platform dynamics and control, hardware experimentation and control, dextrous manipulation, multi-robot manipulation, current research in robotic manipulation. Also listed as ELEN 339. Prerequisite: MECH 338.

(2 units)

#### MECH 340. Introduction to Direct Access Storage Devices

Introduction to direct access storage devices, including flexible and rigid disk drives. Overview of magnetic and optical recording technology emphasizing their similarity and differences and basic principles of operation. Device components technology, including head, disk, positioning actuator, drive mechanism, drive interface, and controller. Prerequisite: Instructor approval.

(2 units)

#### MECH 345. Modern Instrumentation and Experimentation

Overview of sensors and experimental techniques. Fundamentals of computer-based data acquisition and control, principles of operation of components in a data acquisitions system. Design and analysis of engineering experiments with emphasis on practical applications. Characterization of experimental accuracy, error analysis, and statistical analysis. Experiments involving measurements and control of equipment.

(2 units)

#### MECH 346. Design of Experiments in Mechanical Engineering

Design, planning, and implementation of an experiment. Students will work in a group to define a project, conduct background research, provide analysis, and record data. A formal report is required. Prerequisite: MECH 345 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 350. Composite Materials I

Design, analysis, and manufacturing of composite materials. Characterization of composites at the materials and substructural levels. Hyperselection. Manufacturing technology and its impact on design.

(2 units)

#### MECH 351. Composite Materials II

Composite material design at the structural level. Fabrication methods. Design for damage tolerance, durability, and safety. Transfer of loads. Prerequisite: MECH 350.

(2 units)

#### MECH 371. Space Systems Design and Engineering I

A review of the engineering principles, technical subsystems, and design processes that serve as the foundation of developing and operating spacecraft systems. This course focuses on subsystems and analyses relating to orbital mechanics, power, command and data handling, and attitude determination and control. Also listed as ENGR 371. Note: MECH 371 and 372 may be taken in any order.

(4 units)

#### MECH 372. Space Systems Design and Engineering II

A review of the engineering principles, technical subsystems, and design processes that serve as the foundation of developing and operating spacecraft systems. This course focuses on subsystems and analyses relating to mechanical, thermal, software, and sensing elements. Also listed as ENGR 372. Note: MECH 371 and 372 may be taken in any order.

(4 units)

#### MECH 379. Satellite Operations Laboratory

Introduces analysis and control topics relating to the operation of on-orbit spacecraft. Several teaching modules address conceptual topics to include mission and orbit planning, antenna tracking, command and telemetry operations, resource allocation, and anomaly management. Students will become certified to operate real spacecraft and will participate in the operation of both orbiting satellites and ground prototype systems.

(1 unit)

#### MECH 399. Ph.D. Thesis Research

By arrangement. May be repeated up to 40 units.

(1–9 units)

#### MECH 413. Vehicle Design I

Automotive vehicle design overview addressing the major subsystems that comprise a typical on-road vehicle application, including frame/cab, powertrain, suspension/ steering, and auxiliary automotive. The class will cover the vehicle development constraints, requirement, and technology assessments, design drivers, benchmarking, and subsystem synergies within the overall vehicle system context.

(2 units)

#### MECH 414. Vehicle Design II

Building on Vehicle Design I instruction and material, system level automotive vehicle design that addresses the off-road vehicle applications. Major subsystems reviewed include frame/cab, powertrain, suspension/ steering (including track laying), and supporting subsystems. Unique off-road duty cycle/load cases and supportability issues are addressed.

(2 units)

#### MECH 415. Optimization in Mechanical Design

Introduction to optimization: design and performance criteria. Application of optimization techniques in engineering design, including case studies. Functions of single and multiple variables. Optimization with constraints. Prerequisites: AMTH 106 and 245.

(2 units)

#### MECH 416. System Design and Project Operation

An overview of the tools and processes of systems design as it applies to complex projects involving mechanical engineering and multidisciplinary engineering. Traditional lectures by the faculty coordinator, as well as special presentations by selected industry speakers.

(2 units)

#### MECH 420. Model Predictive Control

Review of state-space model in discrete time, stability, optimal control, prediction, Kalman filter. Measurable and un-measurable disturbance, finite and receding horizon control, MPC formulation and design. Also listed as ELEN 238. Prerequisite: MECH 323 or ELEN 236.

(2 units)

#### MECH 423. Nonlinear Control I

Introduction to nonlinear phenomena, planar or second-order systems: qualitative behavior of linear systems, linearization, Lyapunov stability theory, LaSalle’s invariance principle, small gain theorem, and input-to-state stability. Prerequisite: MECH 323 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 424. Nonlinear Control II

Continuation of MECH 423. Stabilization via linearization, Integral control, integral control via linearization, feedback linearization including input-output, input-state, and full-state linearization, sliding mode control, back-stepping, controllability and observability of nonlinear systems, model reference and self-tuning adaptive control.

(2 units)

#### MECH 429. Optimal Control I

Introduction to the principles and methods of the optimal control approach: performance measure criteria including the definition of minimum-time, terminal control, minimum-control effort, tracking, and regulatory problems, calculus of variations applied to optimal control problems including Euler-Lagrange equation, transversality condition constraint, Pontryagin’s minimum principle (PMP), linear quadratic regulator (LQR) and tracking control problems. Also listed as Elen 237. Prerequisite: MECH 323 or an equivalent course in linear system theory. Students are expected to be proficient in MATLAB/Simulink or MECH 142 or equivalent.

(2 units)

#### MECH 430. Optimal Control II

Continuation of Optimal Control I, control with state constraints, minimum-time and minimum-fuel problems, singular arcs, Bellman’s principle of optimality, dynamic programming, the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (H-J-B) equation, and introduction to differential game theory including zero-sum game and linear quadratic differential game problem. Prerequisite: MECH 429 or an equivalent course. Students are expected to be proficient in MATLAB/Simulink.

(2 units)

#### MECH 431. Spacecraft Dynamics I

Kinematics and Attitude dynamics, gravity-gradient stabilization, single and dual-spin stabilization, control laws with momentum exchange devices, momentum wheels. Prerequisites: MECH 140 and AMTH 106.

(2 units)

#### MECH 432. Spacecraft Dynamics II

Continuation of MECH 431. Time-optimal slew maneuvers, momentum-biased attitude stabilization, reaction thruster attitude control, introduction to dynamics of flexible spacecraft and liquid sloshing problem. Prerequisite: MECH 431.

(2 units)