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Specializing in the design, control, and teleoperation of highly capable robotic systems for scientific discovery, technology validation, and engineering education

Robotic Systems Lab

A world-class field operation advancing robotic systems for air, land, sea, and space.

The RSL conducts a world-class field robotics program in which interdisciplinary teams of students develop and deploy advanced robotic systems and autonomous control technology missions on the land and in the air, sea, and space. Activities range from designing deep sea water sampling systems to discover new forms of life to conducting mission control activities for professional NASA and industry space missions.  The Lab routinely collaborates with sponsors and partners from the government, industry, academia and the non-profit sector.

Each year, the Lab engages 100+ undergraduate and graduate students and 15+ faculty/staff members from 10+ departments across the university. Based on the compelling and applied nature of its program, the National Academy of Engineering named the Lab as one of its exemplar programs for Real World Engineering Education.

RSL Introduces ChatCAK!

The ChatCAK service and its underlying technology is being developed by researchers in the Santa Clara University Robotic Systems Laboratory. ChatCAK is an intelligent chat service capable of providing detailed and high-quality responses to a wide range of queries. It is able to respond to directions and questions posed via text, spoken language, mathematical propositions, and diagrammatic expressions. Its outputs go beyond answers to questions, essays and summaries on specific topics, and songs/diagrams given that it is capable of developing sophisticated designs of complex mechanisms and recommend compelling moves in strategy-based games. A recent LinkedIn post describes ChatCAK in more detail and compares it with ChatGPT. ChatCAK was released for internal beta testing for selected members of the Santa Clara University community on 4/1/2023.  For more information on ChatCAK technology, please complete the following survey.

Looking for new students!

We have a wide range of design and research projects for students looking for capstone/thesis topics, directed research projects, etc. Topics include novel system/mechanism design, vehicle/manipulator control, perception systems, etc. Applications include environmental monitoring, agricultural automation, scientific exploration, etc. We are also looking for students to join our field operations teams for controlling underwater robots, aerial drones, and spacecraft.

Featured Activities

Satellite operations control room The Lab is part of a new NASA mission involving the development and on-orbit control of a compact solar sail spacecraft, with an expected launch in 2023.
Student launches a UAV from the back of a boat at Lake Tahoe During a 5-day ROV mission in Lake Tahoe and Fallen Leaf Lake, students worked with scientists from USGS and UNR to characterize local underwater geology. Students have also delivered a new high temperature water sampling system that is being deployed in the Pacific Ocean. 
Six students working on octocopters in the Robotics Systems Laboratory The Lab is conducting drone flights for the university to assist with archeology surveys, construction monitoring, and promotional filming. The Lab will also soon be resuming agricultural flights with infrared and multispectral imagers.
Jamie Ferris '19 at work on the HELP Hand Design teams are developing a new low-cost prosthetic hand for mass production in India. The hand is a simple, one degree of freedom device controlled by a wearable sensor sleeve.

Featured Research

Students interested in learning more about this work are encouraged to refer to selected publications on these topics.

Collaborative multirobot systems: The Lab is the home of the cluster space multirobot formation control technique. This control methodology has been demonstrated for a range of land/sea/air systems and is an enabling technique for multirobot applications such as the transport of large objects and the optimal tracking of mobile targets.

Adaptive navigation of environmental scalar fields: The Lab is a leader in multirobot techniques to adaptively locate the max/min points in environmental fields, to move along contours, to move down/up ridge/trench formations, to locate saddle points, and to move along frontlines. These capabilities are fundamental for applications such as disaster response, environmental monitoring/characterization, exploration and security.

Additional Applications of our Work in Cluster Space Multirobot Control: In addition to using our cluster space control technique to enable adaptive navigation capabilities, we have applied it for a wide range of other applications that benefit from distributed functionality.  These applications include escorting and guarding other objects, manipulating/transporting large objects, and optimally tracking targets.

Causal/Model-based AI for anomaly management: We have developed a comprehensive model-based conceptual framework for different types of anomalies that occur in functional engineering systems, to include a unified framework for their detection, diagnosis and resolution. We have been applying this to the operational control of the robotic systems we build and deploy.

Novel robotic system design: Given the needs of our sponsors and collaborators, we design custom robotic systems and technology. Examples include SWATH boats for autonomous bathymetric mapping (used in Lake Tahoe), a novel high-temperature water sampler using shape memory alloy triggers (deployed in the Pacific Ocean), and a reconfigurable passive magnetic satellite stabilization system.

  • Bringing fresh, delicious, nutritious food to the 1.1 billion malnourished people in the world is the mission of Sam Bertram ’16, M.S. ’18. The technical and entrepreneurial skills he developed at SCU are helping him turn his vision to reality.

Contact Us

Director: Dr. Chris Kitts

Santa Clara University
School of Engineering
500 El Camino Real
Santa Clara, CA 95053

Sobrato Discovery, Bldg. 402


A Tsunami in Lake Tahoe?

Lake Tahoe

Over the past 15 years, RSL faculty, students and staff have teamed with researchers from the US Geological Survey and University of Nevada, Reno to perform robotic exploration of Lake Tahoe. This work has resulted in evidence of historic tsunami in the Lake:

Summary of This Work

Evidence of Tsunami – boulder ridges

Effects of Tsunami – sediment waves


New Patent: A new patent on multirobot adaptive navigation (Kitts, Adamek, Mas) was issued in August 2019, covering the use of robot formations in finding and characterizing scalar field features such as min/max points, contours, ridges/trenches, etc. This technology has application to disaster response, environmental monitoring, exploration, etc.

ASME IDETC Papers/Presentations: Danop Rajabhandharaks and Shae Hart presented new work on the Lab’s multirobot control research at the August 2019 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference in Anaheim, CA. Danop presented a paper on new vector field adaptive navigation work (co-authors: McDonald, Neumann, Kitts). Shae’s presentation was on a new swarm robotics simulator that interfaces with the Lab’s indoor Decabot testbed (co-authors: Metzger, Reese, McDonald, Neumann, Kitts).

Lab’s Satellite Operations Work Featured: Kayleigh Dobson ’19, Grant Mishler ’18, and Paul Mahacek ‘05, '09, '11 were featured in a July 2019 article appearing on PBS Social and KCET. The article featured RSL’s history of conducting professional satellite mission control services for NASA, as part of PBS’s celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Apollo moon landing.

Underwater 3-D Imaging

RSL has been using photogrammetric techniques to create high-resolution 3-dimensional underwater images, such as the one produced for this sunken rowboat found in Emerald Bay, Lake Tahoe.