Marie Bertola, Lecturer, Modern Languages and Literatures, Irene Bubula-Phillips, Senior Lecturer, Modern Languages and Literatures, Evelyn Ferraro, Assistant Professor, Modern Languages and Literatures, and Erika French-Arnold, Director, Center for Food Innovation and Entrepreneurship, a $2000 grant to support their project entitled “The Ethics of Food Annual Speaker Series.” This project initiates a speaker series discussing current food issues; the first event will be screening the movie “No Food Left Behind!” followed by a panel discussion. The grant will fund speaker honoraria and the movie screening fee.
Mythri Jegathesan, Assistant Professor, Anthropology, a $4998 grant to support her project entitled "A Common Ground for Exchange: Establishing an Ethics of International Research Collaboration in Sri Lanka." This project examines ethical questions of intellectual labor, relationality, and exchange between international and local collaborators and researchers in Sri Lanka with the purpose of establishing an ethics statement to disseminate as a resource for conducting social science research in Sri Lanka. The funds for this grant will support research assistance, a workshop, and ethnographic research.
Sonja MacKenzie, Assistant Professor, Public Health, a $5000 grant to support her project entitled "The Ethics of Gender Justice: Building Educational Inclusion for Gender Expansive and Transgender Children in Elementary School." This projects will develop a training and educational tool to build gender inclusion at the elementary school level. Funds will be used for student researcher wages, compensation for curriculum consultants, and curriculum printing.
Jaime Wright, Lecturer, Religious Studies, a $1037 grant to support his project entitled "A Symbolic Interactionist Approach to the Construction of Ethical Arguments at the Intersection of Medicine and Religion." This project examines how the personal understandings of self among doctors and chaplains influence their ethical approaches to medical emergencies and end-of-life decisions when religion is a factor. Funds will be used for transportation costs associated with research, gift card tokens of appreciation for interviewees, and conference registration and travel.
Tseming Yang, Professor, Law, a $4000 grant to support his project entitled "Ethical Obligations and Legal Requirements in Environmental Regulation: Identifying Constraints and Opportunities for Vindicating the Equality Norm in EPA's Civil Rights Program." This project examines the ethical and legal aspects of how the US EPA works to enforce the equality norm in the context of Title VI discrimination complaints. The grant will fund travel & lodging, a research assistant, and workshop expenses.
Theresa Conefrey, Lecturer, English, $4980 to support her project “Ethics and Equity in College Access for First-Generation Students.” This project responds to the call to more fully understand the reasons for the higher attrition rates of first-generation students and considers the ethical implications for institutions that admit these at-risk students. The grant will provide compensation for survey and interview participants, transcription expenses, and conference travel.
Angela Holzmeister, Lecturer, Classics, $2500 to support her project “The Art and Ethics Podcast.” This grant will contribute to the production of a podcast which considers the ethics of the production, collection, and preservation of works of visual art. The podcast may interview museum curators and administrators, and well as academics and others involved in the ethical issues found in the world of visual art. Funds will be used for student research assistance and travel expenses.
Amy Lueck, Assistant Professor, English, and Maura Tarnoff, Lecturer, English, $2000 to support their project “The Ethics of Virtual Reality.” This project will promote conversations about the ethical considerations of teaching and using VR technologies in a Jesuit context. The grant will cover speaker expenses including airfare, room and board, honoraria, and event expenses.
Vikram Bhargava, Assistant Professor, Management, $1700 to support his project "The Role of Off-Duty Laudatory Conduct in Employment Decisions." This project will consider the proper business response to the good conduct of employees while not on the job. Funds will be used for transportation and other expenses for attending academic conferences.
Rohit Chopra, Associate Professor, Communication, $1500 to support his project "Free Speech and Uncivil Discourse on Indian and American Political Twitter: Implications for Global Discourse Ethics." The project will examine how unresolved tensions between free speech and uncivil discourse in political conversations on Twitter are impact broader, global ethical norms of speech and conversation. Funds will help pay for data storage and summer support.
Teresia Hinga, Associate Professor, Religious Studies, $3650 to support her project "Globalization, the Global Village, and the Moral Imperative of Bridge Making: Diagnosing (Asset Mapping) and Responding to the Paradox of Living in One Yet Palpably Divided World." This project will apply insights from the community asset mapping approach to community development. It intends to explore and analytically make the case for the moral imperative of bridge making, and will spotlight best practices and efforts by those who have embraced bridge making. The grant will be used to support travel to and participation in a conference to be held in July 2018 in Sarajevo for the Catholic Ethics in the World Church Initiative.
Hoje Jo, Professor, Finance, $2500 to support his project "Pray Local and Act Global: Religiosity and Human Rights." This project will examine the relationship between community religiosity and a firm’s human rights initiatives in order to ascertain whether and how religion might influence these programs. The grant will cover purchases of access to databases.
Katia Moles, Lecturer, Sociology, $2000 to support her project "A Feminist Ethical Framework for Incorporating Child Sexual Abuse Prevention in Catholic Institutions as Part of Comprehensive Sexuality Education." This project proposes finding empirically-grounded criteria to develop a sexual ethic to assist Catholic institutions in implementing comprehensive sexuality education that promotes lifelong ethical reflection on sexuality. Grant funds will cover travel expenses related to research as well as bringing speakers to campus to discuss related topics.
Michelle Oberman, Professor, School of Law, $5000 to support her project "In Solomon’s Court: An Examination of the Nature and Function of Israel’s Abortion Committees." This research studies the nature and function of Israel’s Pregnancy Termination Committees both as an examination of how a limited abortion ban actually works, and also as a way of alerting those on all sides of the abortion war to the limited extent to which abortion’s legal status affects abortion rates. The funds for this grant will permit a research trip in order to understand how women in minority populations within and outside Israel gain proper access abortion, both culturally and legally.
David Pinault, Professor, Religious Studies, $2500 to support his project "Building Interfaith Solidarity to Counter Wildlife Trafficking and Environmental Depredation in Southeast Asia." the grant to cover airfare, lodging, surface transportation, food, visa expenses, translator and guide expenses, and volunteer compensation.
Alison Benders, Associate Dean, Jesuit School of Theology, and Margaret M. Russell, Professor, School of Law, $5000 to support their project entitled “Catholic Social Teaching as a Lever for Racial Justice.” This project will fund a series of events that will consider how to apply Catholic Social Teaching in the context of pursuing racial justice. Grant funds will go towards honoraria, symposium expenses, and publication expenses for the papers written for the project events.
Gilly Dosovitsky, Class of 2018, Psychology and Child Studies, $1100 to support her project “The Ethics of Parental Well-Being.” This project seeks to research how best to help support children in vulnerable families by supporting their parents via stress reduction and other means of promoting well-being. Funds will be used for research participant advertisement and compensation, translation expenses, and various supplies.
Angela Holzmeister, Lecturer, Classics, Carolynn Roncaglia, Assistant Professor, Classics, and Kathleen Maxwell, Professor, Art and Art History, $4850 to support their project “The Ethics of Collecting Art.” This project will consider some of the ethical aspects of art collecting and the positive and negative consequences of, for example, such activities as trading in antiquities. The grant will be used to bring expert speakers to campus to discuss various aspects of these subjects.
Denise Krane, Lecturer, English, Director of HUB Writing Center, $4835 to support her project “Teaching International Students in an Ethical and Just Way: Designing Teaching Resources Based on Student Experiences and Best Practices.” This project will interview international students on their experiences with writing in their coursework at Santa Clara University, with the goal of enhancing the learning environment for international students. Funds will go towards compensation of student interview participants, interview transcription expenses, student worker wages, and miscellaneous materials.
Jo-Ellen Pozner, Assistant Professor, Management, Leavey School of Business, $2500 to support her project “Reputation, Role-Conflict, and Scandal: The Impact of Ethical Breaches on Individual Reputations.” This project looks at how inconsistency between an individual's job function and the characteristics of the scandal in which they are involved affects their reputational penalties. Funds will be used to collect data from online subjects and to cover travel expenses related to writing and presenting the resulting paper.
Claudia Rodriguez-Mojica, Assistant Professor, Education, School of Education and Counseling Psychology, $5000 to support her project “We Are Here: Ethics Cases from Preservice Teachers of Color.” This grant seeks to create ethics case studies for preservice teachers to prepare them for dilemmas involving diversity they may face during their training. It will help tell the stories of those who have had unethical or unjust experiences, with the hope of working to correct or prevent these wrongs in the future. Project funds will go towards research participant compensation and transcription fees.
Christian Helmers, Assistant Professor, Department of Economic, $2000 to support his project entitled "The Ethics of Price Discrimination in Online Markets." This project will consider some of the ethical aspects of using consumer data for the purposes of price discrimination. Funds will be used for research assistance to analyze and transcribe data, and travel expenses.
Claudia Josi, Adjunct Professor, School of Law, a $2500 grant to support her project entitled "The ethical dilemma of the proposed accountability mechanisms for war crimes and grave human rights violations in the peace agreement in Colombia – retributive vs. restorative justice mechanisms and their compatibility with Colombia’s international human rights obligations." The grant will cover travel to Colombia in order to conduct research there, including airfare, hotel, and ground transportation costs.
Christopher Kulp, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, a $600 grant to support his book project entitled "A Short Catechism on Moral Metaphysics" which argues for the value of “commonsense” moral thought. Grant funds will be used for the purchase of books and other scholarly materials, and for student research assistance.
Brian Love, Assistant Professor, School of Law, a $4000 grant to support his project entitled "Can Litigation Insurance Solve the Patent Troll Problem?" This project will study whether litigation insurance is a viable solution to the problem of nuisance value patent assertion. The funds will primarily be used to hire research assistants, who will help with data collection and analysis, and to pay for travel expenses.
Haibing Lu, Assistant Professor, Department of Operations Management & Information Systems, a $5000 grant to support his project entitled "Internet Ethics: A Machine Learning Solution to Fake News on Social Media." The project intends to detect and combat misinformation on social media by investigating machine learning/natural language processing techniques, with an attempt to develop an effective mechanism to filter out/degrade untrustworthy information and thereby to restore trust and harmony in online communities. The grant will pay for research assistance, conference registration, airfare, ground travel, food, and hotel.
Sherry Wang, Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling Psychology, a $2500 grant to support her project entitled "Upholding ethical practice with multicultural competency: Struggles of school counselors in U.S. public school settings." This grant will support research into the experiences of school counsellors in multicultural schools, and what particular ethical problems they face. Grant money will pay for research-related expenses, such as participant compensation, and voice recorder and transcription costs.
Michelle Bezanson, Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, $5000 for her project "The Ethics of Immersion." This project, with Gabriella Carne, ’17, and Chonsa Schmidt, ’17, will use anthropological techniques to investigate the community, economic, and environmental impact of international immersion programs. While on-site in Costa Rica, the team will conduct interviews and other research. Grant funds will cover airfare, lodging, food, ground transportation, and other costs.
Elizabeth Guneratne, Lecturer, School of Education, $2500 for her project entitled "RISK Conference: Laudato Si, Cultivating Sustainability in Our Teaching and in Our Communities." The RISK (Reflective Innovation for Sustainability & Knowledge) three-day summer conference will help high school educators promote sustainability in response to the call from Pope Francis in Laudato Si. The grant funds will be used to pay for conference costs, such as fees and scholarships for attendance.
Teresia Hinga, Associate Professor, Department of Religious Studies, a $3000 grant to support her project "Women, Religion and Transitional Justice: A Comparative Ethnographic Study of Two Case Studies: Rwanda and South Africa." This study will investigate the role of religion and gender in reconciliation and restorative justice movements in Rwanda and South Africa. Grant funds will support air fare and other travel-related expenses.
Erick Ramirez, Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, and Scott LaBarge, Associate Professor, Departments of Philosophy and Classics, $4000 to support their project entitled "Virtual Thought Experiments and Philosophical Pedagogy: A Pilot Study." This study will investigate how virtual reality affects classroom learning outcomes when considering classic philosophical dilemmas. As such it has both the potential to contribute to better pedagogical outcomes and to the burgeoning field of empirical philosophy. Funds will be used for virtual reality equipment and student research assistants.
Michael Schermann, Assistant Professor, Department of Operations Management & Information Systems, $4000 for his project entitled "Mobile Ethics: An App to Investigate the Morning Morality Effect 'In the Wild.'" This project will adapt an existing ethics experiment on the “morning morality effect” from the lab environment to mobile devices, and the resulting app will be open-access and open-source. Funds will be used for app development and participant compensation.
María Del Socorro Castañeda-Liles, Assistant Professor, and Elizabeth Drescher, Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Religious Studies, $3000 for their project "Resources for Exploring Applied Ethics in Classroom, Congregation & Media." This grant will support research into how students engage ethical questions in Religious Studies classrooms. Funds will be used for the support of student focus groups and to fund travel.
Laura Chyu, Adjunct Lecturer, Department of Public Health, $3000 for her project "Public Health Ethics and Implications of Elective Oocyte Cryopreservation." This grant will provide funds for investigating some of the ethical questions surrounding elective oocyte cryopreservation, including questions of informed consent, autonomy, and healthcare equity and justice. The grant will help in creating a learning module to be used in the Public Health Program curriculum, presenting findings at an academic conference, and publishing a peer-reviewed academic review article.
Samuel Lee, Assistant Professor, Leavey School of Business, Department of Finance, $2000 for his project "Optimal Regulation of Prostitution Markets: Protection of Sex Workers vs. Prevention of Sex Trafficking." This grant will research various strategies for the regulation of prostitution, with the intention to find which strategy best protects workers and prevents human trafficking. It will provide funds to travel to and present the findings at an academic conference.
Kris Mitchener, Professor, Department of Economics, $3000 for his project "Naming Names: the Reputational Cost of Cheating." This grant will investigate the reputational costs of cheating in sports. Funds will be used for research assistance and to build a unique database that will allow him to measure the costs of cheating to an individual athlete’s reputation.
Laura Robinson, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, $542 for her project "Debating Ethical Responses to Terrorism: The Events of November 13, 2015 Paris France." This project will collect and analyze media-generated data provoked by the recent terrorist attacks in Paris in now stored in the digital public sphere from both formal media accounts and ordinary individuals participating in the digital commons. The funds will go towards paying a student research assistant.
Dan Sportiello, Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, Graeme Warren, Lecturer, Leavey School of Business, OMIS, and Shawn Vecellio, Adjunct Lecturer, Education Department, School of Education and Counseling Psychology, $2500 for their project “Easy Dialogues.” The project will launch a series of small breakfast events as a response to Laudato Si’s call for an integral ecology and healthy politics by inviting people (students, faculty, staff, and members of the public) with different voices and diverse perspectives to have breakfast, adapting the idea from permanentbreakfast.org.
Sally Vance-Trembath, Lecturer, Department of Religious Studies, $5000 for her project “The Planet and the Popes.” This grant will provide summer support for the development of an RTC3 course highlighting Vatican teaching that engages ethical issues involved with climate change and how technological innovations to address climate change should be attentive to global human suffering.
Tseming Yang, Professor, School of Law, $2500 for his project “Cases on the Content and Limits of Environment Rights.” This grant will aid in the preparation of a chapter in a law school case book on global and comparative environmental law, particularly on the content and limits of environmental rights, and will include research and analysis of cases regarding rights-based approaches to protection of the environment and management of natural resources. The funds will pay for a research assistant.
Hoje Jo, Professor, Department of Finance, $2500 for his project "Seeking Legitimacy through CSR: Evidence from Controversial Industries." This grant will support research into the question of whether and how certain industries, e.g. alcohol, gambling, tobacco, and firearms, use ideas of "corporate social responsibility" to improve their public image and gain legitimacy. Funds will be used for travel and associated expenses with attending a conference where this research will be presented.
Jean Molesky-Poz, Lecturer, Department of Religious Studies, $3000 for her project "The Ethic of Reciprocity." This grant will provide funds for development of a research project and a new course on how the ethic of reciprocity exists in Native American culture. The funds will help pay for a research assistant, conference attendance, travel to field locations, materials purchases, summer stipend, and expenses related to bringing speakers to campus.
Karen Peterson-Iyer, Lecturer, Department of Religious Studies, $3000 for her project "Listening to the Voices of Survivors as Experts in Anti-Human Trafficking Work." This grant will provide funds to develop a course module for TESP 108 "Human Trafficking and Christian Ethics." It will help to bring the voices of human trafficking survivors into the course itself, and to that end will provide speaker fees, transportation, meals, hotel, and summer support.
Brett Solomon, Associate Professor, Department of Liberal Studies, $3000 for her project "Teacher Perceptions and the Pre-School to Prison Pipeline." This grant will assist in purchasing software licenses for the creation of an online survey which will measure various implicit biases among K-12 teachers, with the hope of illuminating these biases and thereby creating a more supportive learning environment and dismantling the pre-school to prison pipeline. The Office for Diversity and Inclusion contributed to this grant.
William Sundstrom, Professor, Department of Economics, $3600 for his project "Santa Clara Income and Poverty Studies (SCIPS) Initiative." This project will pay for student assistants who will do background research into data sources, analysis and preliminary construction of a website to act as a "digital clearinghouse" for data related to poverty, income inequality, and economic justice in Silicon Valley.
Theresa Conefrey, lecturer, Department of English, a $5000 grant to support her project entitled "Resources for Teaching Ethics in Applied Engineering Communications." This project is to create a bank of teaching materials on ethics in engineering for the course Applied Engineering Communications 1, and to present these materials to new instructors in a workshop.
Allia Ida Griffin, lecturer, Department of English, a $1700 grant for her project entitled "On Race and Gender, Freedom and Inheritance: A Staged Reading of Marcus Gardley's 'The House that Will Not Stand.'" This project will seek to engage students, staff, and faculty in critical conversations about race in the United States both in the past and the present. The primary focus will be a staged reading of Marcus Gardley's play "The House that will not Stand," followed by a discussion with the playwright. The Office of Diversity and Inclusion contributed to this grant.
Claudia Josi, adjunct professor, Law School, a $1960 grant to support her project entitled "What Ethical Dilemmas Are Involved when a Society Emerges from Violence and Conflict? Development of a Transitional Justice Course for SCU's Law School." This projects seeks to develop a law course titled "International Law: Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Societies" that explores from an interdisciplinary perspective the difficult choices different societies have faced during their transition from violence and conflict towards peace and justice.
Kristin Kusanovich, senior lecturer, Department of Theater and Dance, a $2500 grant to support her project entitled "The Drama in Teacher Leadership: Engaging issues of justice and ethics in educational leadership formation using artistic processes and praxis." The purpose of this transdisciplinary research is to examine and disseminate new applications of the findings from the Drama in School Leadership project, which involves a series of one-act plays based on case studies, and presenting this data to an academic conference.
Michelle Oberman, professor, Law School, a $4500 grant for her project entitled "What's Law Got to Do with It? Travels through the Abortion War." This project is grounded in the comparative examination of distinct cultural/legal approaches to the regulation of abortion. The project will fund travel to El Salvador to perform research, support teaching on this subject at Santa Clara University, and ultimately result in a book.
James Bennett, Associate Professor, Department of Religious Studies, $4471.20 for his book chapter project "The Deprogramming Dilemma." This project examines the ethical issues at stake in the practice of "deprogramming," which forcibly removes individuals from cults and attempts to convince them not to go back. The ethical questions on deprogramming revolve around questions of human agency and freedom of conscience.
Stephen Lee, Associate Professor, Department of Communication, $4000 for the film project "An Extended Family." This grant will assist the production of a film considering "how ten moms, one dad, eight children and one sperm donor are re-imagining family."
Michael Meyer, Professor, Department of Philosophy, $1500 for the project "Good Humor: Comedy and Happiness at the Movies." This project will consider the diverse kinds of happiness found in various movies, and will investigate particularly how comedies can speak to the ethical side of happiness. The grant will pay for student labor and materials to assist the writing of an article and facilitate improvements of two courses.
Peter Rozic, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Political Science, $3000 for the project "Introducing the Lustration Index: The First Comprehensive Measure of Post-Communist Transitional Justice." This project reviews how far new governments go in their lustration laws, which restrict the government participation of the members of former regimes, and produces and index which quantifies how various nations have approached this problem.
Bruno Ruviaro, Assistant Professor, Department of Music, andChristina Zanfagna, Assistant Professor, Departments of Music and Ethnic Studies, $5000 for the project "Bay Area Sound Map: The Ethical Praxis of Sonic Mapping." This project will produce an interactive online sonic map of the Bay Area which includes various expressions of music, sounds, and voices, including the ethical concerns of diverse Bay Area residents. The Office for Diversity and Inclusion contributed to this grant.
Kevin Burke, Associate Professor, Jesuit School of Theology, $3500 for the book project “A Grammar of Justice: The Legacy of Ignacio Ellacuria Today.” This project will consider the lasting impact of Ignacio Ellacuria, S.J., 25 years after his assassination along with his companions at the University of Central America. The book will include contributions from many voices which consider the various ways that Ignacio Ellacuria’s work lives on.
Jonathan Fung, Adjunct Lecturer, Department of Communication, $2000 for the film project “Lawnmower Willy.” This film concerns the story of a man who loses his job due to technology and is forced to reinvent himself. It considers questions of integrity, courage, identity, work ethic, and other ethical questions surrounding contemporary working life.
Sharmila Lodhia, Assistant Professor, Department of Women’s and Gender Studies, $2500 for the project “Beyond Rescue: The Ethics of Advocacy and Why How We Frame the Anti-trafficking Movement Matters.” This project will investigate contemporary human trafficking in California and the rhetoric of “rescue” which is often used to frame discussions of that trafficking, and will critique that rhetoric and consider other ways to frame the discussion more helpfully.
David Pinault, Professor, Department of Religious Studies, $3600 for the project “Fostering Interfaith Solidarity to Counter Wildlife Trafficking and Deforestation in Southeast Asia.” This award supports fieldwork for a project which considers how interfaith interactions can help or harm efforts to protect wildlife and forests in Indonesia and other Southeast Asian nations.
Erick Jose Ramirez, Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, $863 for the project “Psychopathy, the PCL-R, and Responsibility.” This project considers the nature of psychopathy and the moral responsibility of psychopathic agents. It will involve designing a course on the philosophy of mental illness and preparing several articles for publication.
Hisham Said, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, and Katerina Bezrukova, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, $1000 for the project “Impact of Group Composition and Faultlines on Ethical and Technical Performance in Civil Engineering Projects.” This project will investigate how group dynamics can affect how engineering teams deal with ethical decision-making.
Shannon Vallor, Associate professor, Department of Philosophy,$3500 for the project “The Phenomenology of Moral Attention: A Foundation for Future Empirical Research.” This grant will support research on some of the philosophical and cognitive foundations of moral attention in order to better understand how contemporary multitasking habits may affect our moral attention and learning.
Hsin-I Cheng, Department of Communications, $4330 for the project "Crafting Ideal Citizens: A Critical Analysis on Taiwanese Immigration Discourses." This project seek to better understand the concept of Taiwanese citizenship, along with its salient values and ethics, by reviewing news sources and blogs, as well as through fieldwork and personal interviews conducted in Taiwan.
Rohit Chopra, Department of Communications, $2500 for the project "The Ethics of Memory on the Internet." This award goes towards the writing of a manuscript on the role of narratives and memory in ethics and especially memory as related to the internet, with its great variety of interpretations, voices, and even inaccuracies. Particular attention will be given to the way narratives, memory, and ethical lessons are constructed around traumatic events such as the September 11th attacks and other terrorist attacks and riots.
Christopher Kulp, Department of Philosophy, $600 for the project entitled "Knowing Moral Truth." This book project investigates foundational problems in ethical theory and seeks to defend the validity of ordinary moral thinking against those who claim that moral truth does not exist, that moral truths are relative, and other perspectives that generally deny the validity of the moral endeavor.
Peter Minowitz, Department of Political Science, $750 for the project entitled "To Forget about the End: Leo Strauss on Lucretius, Socialism, and the Mortality of the Human Race." This project seeks to better understand how the thinking of the influential political philosopher Leo Strauss was influenced by his awareness of human mortality.
Lawrence Nelson, Department of Philosophy, $5000 for a project called "Personhood and the Legal and Moral Status of Prenatal Humans." This project investigates the tension between the legal personhood of prenatal humans and the legal personhood of their pregnant mothers, how that relates to US constitutional law, and how those legal tensions relate to ethical considerations and state interests.
Michelle Oberman, School of Law, $4,320 for the project "Morality and the Purpose of Law-Making: An Examination of the Inspiration Behind Oklahoma's Abortion-Related Legislation from the Perspective of Legislators and Doctors." This project seeks to investigate more deeply the motivations and ethics behind how laws pertaining to abortion are enacted in Oklahoma. It is part of a larger project to investigate how morality and law relate to each other on the subject of abortion.